オープニング (チェス)

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』
移動: 案内検索

チェスにおけるオープニングとは、ゲーム序盤の駒の動き、つまり 定跡及びその変化形の事であり、一般的には第一手から10~15手までくらいの流れを意味している。序盤で優位に立つ方法については、チェスの長い歴史の中で研究が重ねられてきた。オープニングの目的は、主に次の5つとされている。

  1. 駒を展開する。
  2. 中央を支配する。
  3. キングの安全を確保する。
  4. 弱いポーンができないようにする。
  5. ピース同士を連携させる。

オープンゲーム (1.e4 e5)[編集]

白はe4へポーンを突くことでセンター支配の足がかりとし、同時にビショップを展開しやすくする。黒も同じ目的で 「1.… e5」と指す。

オープンゲーム (1.e4 e5)
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8  black rook  black knight  black bishop  black queen  black king  black bishop  black knight  black rook 8
7  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black king  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn 7
6  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 6
5  black king  black king  black king  black king  black pawn  black king  black king  black king 5
4  black king  black king  black king  black king  white pawn  black king  black king  black king 4
3  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 3
2  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  black king  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn 2
1  white rook  white knight  white bishop  white queen  white king  white bishop  white knight  white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
  • 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Qxd4 …… センター・ゲーム
  • 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 …… ダニッシュ・ギャンビット
  • 1.e4 e5 2.Qh5? …… Parham Attack
  • 1.e4 e5 2.Bb5?! …… Portuguese Opening
  • 1.e4 e5 2.c3?! …… Lopez Opening
  • 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Be2 …… Inverted Hungarian Opening
  • 1.e4 e5 2.Ne2 …… Alapin's Opening
  • 1.e4 e5 2.Qf3?! …… Napoleon Opening
Ruy Lopez
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 __ c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 black knight d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 white bishop c5 __ d5 __ e5 black pawn f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 __ g1 __ h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Scotch Game
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 __ c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 black knight d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 black pawn f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 white pawn e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 __ e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Giuoco Piano
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 __ c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 __ g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 black knight d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 black bishop d5 __ e5 black pawn f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white bishop d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 __ g1 __ h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Petrov's Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 black pawn f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
King's Gambit
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 black pawn f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 white pawn g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 __ g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg


セミオープンゲーム (1.e4)[編集]

白の「1.e4」に対し、黒が「1.… e5」とは別の手で応じる場合である。対称形を初手から崩してしまう手であり、双方の力量が試される。

セミオープンゲーム (1.e4)
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8  black rook  black knight  black bishop  black queen  black king  black bishop  black knight  black rook 8
7  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn 7
6  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 6
5  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 5
4  black king  black king  black king  black king  white pawn  black king  black king  black king 4
3  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 3
2  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  black king  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn 2
1  white rook  white knight  white bishop  white queen  white king  white bishop  white knight  white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Sicilian Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 black pawn d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
French Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 black pawn f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Caro-Kann Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 black pawn d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Alekhine's Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Pirc Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 black pawn e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Modern Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 __ h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 black pawn h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg



クローズドゲーム (1.d4 d5)[編集]

オープンゲームとは異なり、白黒双方がdポーンを突く方法。最初からクイーンで守られたdポーンは、その他の駒によって守られている限りは非常に強固で強力な存在である。ほとんどのゲームはこのポーンをめぐる争いに発展して行く。

クローズドゲーム (1.d4 d5)
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8  black rook  black knight  black bishop  black queen  black king  black bishop  black knight  black rook 8
7  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black king  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn 7
6  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 6
5  black king  black king  black king  black pawn  black king  black king  black king  black king 5
4  black king  black king  black king  white pawn  black king  black king  black king  black king 4
3  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 3
2  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  black king  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn 2
1  white rook  white knight  white bishop  white queen  white king  white bishop  white knight  white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Queen's Gambit
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 black pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Queen's Gambit Declined
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 black pawn f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 black pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Slav Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 black pawn d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 black pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Queen's Gambit Accepted
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 black pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Colle System
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 black pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 white pawn f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 __ e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg


インディアンシステム (1.d4 Nf6)[編集]

「1.d4」に対し、黒が「1.… Nf6」と応ずるケース。これも対称な形を最初から崩す手である。

インディアンシステム (1.d4 Nf6)
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8  black rook  black knight  black bishop  black queen  black king  black bishop  black king  black rook 8
7  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn 7
6  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black knight  black king  black king 6
5  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 5
4  black king  black king  black king  white pawn  black king  black king  black king  black king 4
3  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 3
2  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  black king  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn 2
1  white rook  white knight  white bishop  white queen  white king  white bishop  white knight  white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Nimzo-Indian Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 __ g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 black pawn f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 black bishop c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 white knight d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
King's Indian Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 __ g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black bishop h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 black pawn h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 white knight d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Grünfeld Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 __ h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 black pawn h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 black pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 white knight d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Queen's Indian Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 __ c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 black pawn c6 __ d6 __ e6 black pawn f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Modern Benoni Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 black pawn d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg


「1.d4」に対する、その他の受け方[編集]

「1.d4」に対する、その他の受け方
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8  black rook  black knight  black bishop  black queen  black king  black bishop  black knight  black rook 8
7  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn 7
6  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 6
5  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 5
4  black king  black king  black king  white pawn  black king  black king  black king  black king 4
3  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 3
2  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  black king  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn 2
1  white rook  white knight  white bishop  white queen  white king  white bishop  white knight  white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
  • 1.d4 b5 …… Polish Defence
  • 1.d4 b6 …… English Defence
  • 1.d4 c5 …… ベノニ・ディフェンス
  • 1.d4 Nc6 …… Queen's Knight Defence
  • 1.d4 d6 …… Wade Defence
  • 1.d4 e5?! …… Englund Gambit
  • 1.d4 e6 …… Horwitz Defence
  • 1.d4 e6 2.c4 Bb4+ …… Kangaroo Defence
  • 1.d4 f5 …… ダッチ・ディフェンス
Dutch Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 __ g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 black pawn g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Old Benoni Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 black pawn d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg


フランクオープニング[編集]

白がdおよび、eポーン以外の駒から動かす形。ポーン・チェーン[1]でセンターを支配するのではなく、ピースでセンターに圧力をかけるハイパーモダン・スタイルの形を目指す。 「1.Nf3」の場合、結果的に「1.d4」と同じ形になることも多い。しかしレティ・オープニングや、キングズインディアン・アタックへの変化もよく見られる。

Réti Opening
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
King's Indian Attack
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 __ b8 __ c8 __ d8 __ e8 __ f8 __ g8 __ h8 __ 8
7 a7 __ b7 __ c7 __ d7 __ e7 __ f7 __ g7 __ h7 __ 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __