オープニング (チェス)

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』
移動: 案内検索

チェスにおいてオープニングとは、ゲームの序盤戦での駒の動きを指す。 定跡及びその変化形の事であり、一般的には第一手から10~15手くらいまでの流れを意味している。序盤で優位にたつ方法については、チェスの長い歴史の中で研究が重ねられてきた。オープニングの目的は、主に次の5つとされている。

  1. 駒を展開する。(Development)
  2. 中央を支配する。(Control of the center)
  3. キングの安全を確保する。(King Safety)
  4. 弱いポーンができないようにする。(Prevention of pawn weakness)
  5. ピース同士を連携させる。(Piece coordination)

オープンゲーム (1.e4 e5)[編集]

白はeポーンを突くことによりセンター支配への足がかりとし、同時にビショップを展開しやすくする。黒も同じ目的で 「...e5」と指す。

オープンゲーム (1.e4 e5)
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8  black rook  black knight  black bishop  black queen  black king  black bishop  black knight  black rook 8
7  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black king  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn 7
6  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 6
5  black king  black king  black king  black king  black pawn  black king  black king  black king 5
4  black king  black king  black king  black king  white pawn  black king  black king  black king 4
3  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 3
2  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  black king  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn 2
1  white rook  white knight  white bishop  white queen  white king  white bishop  white knight  white rook 1
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  • 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Qxd4 …… Center Game
  • 1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 …… Danish Gambit
  • 1.e4 e5 2.Qh5? …… Parham Attack
  • 1.e4 e5 2.Bb5?! …… Portuguese Opening
  • 1.e4 e5 2.c3?! …… Lopez Opening
  • 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Be2 …… Inverted Hungarian Opening
  • 1.e4 e5 2.Ne2 …… Alapin's Opening
  • 1.e4 e5 2.Qf3?! …… Napoleon Opening
Ruy Lopez
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8 a8 black rook b8 __ c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 black knight d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 white bishop c5 __ d5 __ e5 black pawn f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 __ g1 __ h1 white rook 1
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Scotch Game
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8 a8 black rook b8 __ c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 black knight d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 black pawn f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 white pawn e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 __ e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook 1
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Giuoco Piano
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8 a8 black rook b8 __ c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 __ g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 black knight d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 black bishop d5 __ e5 black pawn f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white bishop d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 __ g1 __ h1 white rook 1
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Petrov's Defense
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 black pawn f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook 1
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King's Gambit
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 black pawn f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 white pawn g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 __ g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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セミオープンゲーム (1.e4)[編集]

白の「1.e4」に対し、黒が「...e5」とは別の手で応じる場合である。対称形を初手から崩してしまう手であり、双方の力量が試される。

セミオープンゲーム (1.e4)
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8  black rook  black knight  black bishop  black queen  black king  black bishop  black knight  black rook 8
7  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn 7
6  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 6
5  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 5
4  black king  black king  black king  black king  white pawn  black king  black king  black king 4
3  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 3
2  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  black king  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn 2
1  white rook  white knight  white bishop  white queen  white king  white bishop  white knight  white rook 1
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Sicilian Defense
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 black pawn d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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French Defence
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 black pawn f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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Caro-Kann Defence
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 black pawn d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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Alekhine's Defence
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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Pirc Defence
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 black pawn e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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Modern Defense
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 __ h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 black pawn h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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クローズドゲーム (1.d4 d5)[編集]

オープンゲームとは異なり、白黒双方がdポーンを突くやり方。最初からクイーンで守られたdポーンは、(その他の駒によって守られている限り)非常に強固で強力な存在である。ほとんどのゲームは、このポーンをめぐる争いに発展してゆく。

クローズドゲーム (1.d4 d5)
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8  black rook  black knight  black bishop  black queen  black king  black bishop  black knight  black rook 8
7  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black king  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn 7
6  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 6
5  black king  black king  black king  black pawn  black king  black king  black king  black king 5
4  black king  black king  black king  white pawn  black king  black king  black king  black king 4
3  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 3
2  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  black king  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn 2
1  white rook  white knight  white bishop  white queen  white king  white bishop  white knight  white rook 1
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Queen's Gambit
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 black pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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Queen's Gambit Declined
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 black pawn f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 black pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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Slav Defense
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 black pawn d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 black pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Queen's Gambit Accepted
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 black pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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Colle System
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 black pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 white pawn f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 __ e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook 1
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インディアンシステム (1.d4 Nf6)[編集]

「1.d4」に対し、黒が「...Nf6」と応ずるケース。これも対称な形を最初から崩す手である。

インディアンシステム (1.d4 Nf6)
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8  black rook  black knight  black bishop  black queen  black king  black bishop  black king  black rook 8
7  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn 7
6  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black knight  black king  black king 6
5  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 5
4  black king  black king  black king  white pawn  black king  black king  black king  black king 4
3  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 3
2  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  black king  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn 2
1  white rook  white knight  white bishop  white queen  white king  white bishop  white knight  white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 …… Modern Benoni Defense
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 b5 …… Benko Gambit
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 Nc6 …… Black Knights' Tango
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 d6 …… Old Indian Defense
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e5 …… Budapest Defense
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 …… Nimzo-Indian Defense
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Bb4+ …… Bogo-Indian Defense
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b5 …… Polish Defense
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 …… Queen's Indian Defense
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 c5 4.d5 b5 …… Blumenfeld Gambit
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Ne4 …… Döry Defense
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Bg5 …… Neo-Indian Attack
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.g3 …… Catalan Opening
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 …… Grünfeld Defense
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 …… King's Indian Defense
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.Bg5 …… Torre Attack
  • 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 …… Trompowski Attack
Nimzo-Indian Defense
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 __ g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 black pawn f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 black bishop c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 white knight d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
King's Indian Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 __ g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black bishop h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 black pawn h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 white knight d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Grünfeld Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 __ h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 black pawn h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 black pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 white knight d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Queen's Indian Defense
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 __ c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 black pawn c6 __ d6 __ e6 black pawn f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Modern Benoni Defense
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 black pawn d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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「1.d4」に対する、その他の受け方[編集]

「1.d4」に対する、その他の受け方
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8  black rook  black knight  black bishop  black queen  black king  black bishop  black knight  black rook 8
7  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn  black pawn 7
6  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 6
5  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 5
4  black king  black king  black king  white pawn  black king  black king  black king  black king 4
3  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 3
2  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  black king  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn 2
1  white rook  white knight  white bishop  white queen  white king  white bishop  white knight  white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
  • 1.d4 b5 …… Polish Defense
  • 1.d4 b6 …… English Defense
  • 1.d4 c5 …… Old Benoni Defense
  • 1.d4 Nc6 …… Queen's Knight Defense
  • 1.d4 d6 …… Wade Defense
  • 1.d4 e5?! …… Englund Gambit
  • 1.d4 e6 …… Horwitz Defense
  • 1.d4 e6 2.c4 Bb4+ …… Kangaroo Defense
  • 1.d4 f5 …… Dutch Defense
Dutch Defence
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 __ g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 black pawn g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
Old Benoni Defense
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 black pawn d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg


フランクオープニング[編集]

白が dポーン、eポーン以外の駒から動かす形。ポーン・チェーン[1]でセンターを支配するのではなく、ピースでセンターに圧力をかけるハイパーモダン・スタイルの形を目指すことができる。 「1.Nf3」の場合、結果的に「1.d4」と同じ形になることも多い。しかしレティ・オープニングや、キングズインディアン・アタックへの変化もよく見られる。

Réti Opening
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8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
King's Indian Attack
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 __ b8 __ c8 __ d8 __ e8 __ f8 __ g8 __ h8 __ 8
7 a7 __ b7 __ c7 __ d7 __ e7 __ f7 __ g7 __ h7 __ 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 white pawn e3 __ f3 white knight g3 white pawn h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white knight e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white bishop h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 __ f1 white rook g1 white king h1 __ 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
English Opening
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8 a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook 8
7 a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn 7
6 a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __ 6
5 a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __ 5
4 a4 __ b4 __ c4 white pawn d4 __ e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __ 4
3 a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __ 3
2 a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 white pawn e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn 2
1 a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 1
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あまり用いられないオープニング[編集]

  • 1.a3?! …… Anderssen's Opening
  • 1.Na3? …… Durkin Opening
  • 1.a4? …… Ware Opening
  • 1.c3 …… Saragossa Opening
  • 1.d3 …… Mieses Opening
  • 1.e3 …… Van 't Kruijs Opening
  • 1.f3? …… Barnes Opening
  • 1.g4?! …… Grob's Attack
  • 1.h3? …… Clemenz Opening
  • 1.Nh3? …… Paris Opening (Amar Opening)
  • 1.h4? …… Deprès Opening

注釈[編集]

  1. ^ こちらの「図5 ポーン・チェーン」を参照。

参考文献[編集]

総合解説から、特定の定跡だけを深く掘り下げたものまで、目的やレベルにあった書籍が多数発行されている。

  • Modern Chess Openings, Nick De Firmian ISBN 978-0812936827 - 多数のオープニングとその歴史などについて記載している辞書のような総合解説書。「MCO」と略されることが多い。
  • Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Šahovski informator (Chess Informant) - ECOと呼ばれる分類体系でオープニングを網羅した事典。棋譜の解説は全てを記号で表現されている。分冊形式の紙書籍の他、CD-ROM版もある。この本で使われるECOコードは他の書籍やソフトでも利用されている。
  • Winning Chess Openings, Yasser Seirawan ISBN 978-1857443493 - オープニングについて幅広く解説した初級者向けの本。
  • Play the Open Games As Black ISBN 978-1901983272 - 黒(後手)に回った際のオープンゲームを解説した本。
  • チェス・マスター・ブックス 1 定跡と戦い方有田謙二 ISBN 978-4309731414 - チェスのオープニングを日本語により解説した本。1980年河出書房新社より発行され、1995年には改訂版が、2010年に新装版が発行されている。

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