漢語ピン音音節一覧

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漢語ピン音音節一覧(かんごピンインおんせついちらん)では、ピン音で表される中国語普通話)の基本音節を、注音符号国際音声記号、例字(漢字簡体字)と対照して掲載する。下表には方言音と考えられるyai[1]、tei[2]、rua[3]、dia、nia、biangを含めて、420種が記載されているが、実際にはこれと声調(四声)の組み合わせた数の音節となり、また、これら以外に、児化(アル化)音節が存在する。

韻母 声母 韻母
ø b

[p]
p

[pʰ]
m

[m]
f

[f]
d

[t]
t

[tʰ]
n

[n]/[ɲ]
l

[l]
g

[k]
k

[kʰ]
h

[x]
j

[ʨ]
q

[ʨʰ]
x

[ɕ]
zh

[ʈʂ]
ch

[ʈʂʰ]
sh

[ʂ]
r

[ʐ]
z

[ʦ]
c

[ʦʰ]
s

[s]
開口呼 -i

[ʅ]/[ɿ]
zhi

[ʈʂʅ]
chi

[ʈʂʰʅ]
shi

[ʂʅ]
ri

[ʐʅ]
zi

[ʦɿ]
姿
ci

[ʦʰɿ]
si

[sɿ]
-i 開口呼
a

[ɑ]
a

[ɑ]
ba
ㄅㄚ
[pɑ]
pa
ㄆㄚ
[pʰɑ]
ma
ㄇㄚ
[mɑ]
fa
ㄈㄚ
[fɑ]
da
ㄉㄚ
[tɑ]
ta
ㄊㄚ
[tʰɑ]
na
ㄋㄚ
[nɑ]
la
ㄌㄚ
[lɑ]
ga
ㄍㄚ
[kɑ]
ka
ㄎㄚ
[kʰɑ]
ha
ㄏㄚ
[xɑ]
zha
ㄓㄚ
[ʈʂɑ]
cha
ㄔㄚ
[ʈʂʰɑ]
sha
ㄕㄚ
[ʂɑ]
za
ㄗㄚ
[ʦɑ]
ca
ㄘㄚ
[ʦʰɑ]
sa
ㄙㄚ
[sɑ]
a
o

[o]
o

[o]
bo
ㄅㄛ
[po]
po
ㄆㄛ
[pʰo]
mo
ㄇㄛ
[mo]
fo
ㄈㄛ
[fo]
lo
ㄌㄛ
[lo]
o
e

[ɤ]
e

[ɤ]
me
ㄇㄜ
[mɤ]
de
ㄉㄜ
[tɤ]
te
ㄊㄜ
[tʰɤ]
ne
ㄋㄜ
[nɤ]
le
ㄌㄜ
[lɤ]
ge
ㄍㄜ
[kɤ]
ke
ㄎㄜ
[kʰɤ]
he
ㄏㄜ
[xɤ]
zhe
ㄓㄜ
[ʈʂɤ]
che
ㄔㄜ
[ʈʂʰɤ]
she
ㄕㄜ
[ʂɤ]
re
ㄖㄜ
[ʐɤ]
ze
ㄗㄜ
[ʦɤ]
ce
ㄘㄜ
[ʦʰɤ]
se
ㄙㄜ
[sɤ]
e
ê

[ɛ]
ê

[ɛ]
ê
ai

[aɪ]
ai

[aɪ]
bai
ㄅㄞ
[paɪ]
pai
ㄆㄞ
[pʰaɪ]
mai
ㄇㄞ
[maɪ]
dai
ㄉㄞ
[taɪ]
tai
ㄊㄞ
[tʰaɪ]
nai
ㄋㄞ
[naɪ]
lai
ㄌㄞ
[laɪ]
gai
ㄍㄞ
[kaɪ]
kai
ㄎㄞ
[kʰaɪ]
hai
ㄏㄞ
[xaɪ]
zhai
ㄓㄞ
[ʈʂaɪ]
chai
ㄔㄞ
[ʈʂʰaɪ]
shai
ㄕㄞ
[ʂaɪ]
zai
ㄗㄞ
[ʦaɪ]
cai
ㄘㄞ
[ʦʰaɪ]
sai
ㄙㄞ
[saɪ]
ai
ei

[eɪ]
ei

[eɪ]
bei
ㄅㄟ
[peɪ]
pei
ㄆㄟ
[pʰeɪ]
mei
ㄇㄟ
[meɪ]
fei
ㄈㄟ
[feɪ]
dei
ㄉㄟ
[teɪ]
tei
ㄊㄟ
[tʰeɪ]
nei
ㄋㄟ
[neɪ]
lei
ㄌㄟ
[leɪ]
gei
ㄍㄟ
[keɪ]
kei
ㄎㄟ
[kʰeɪ]
hei
ㄏㄟ
[xeɪ]
zhei
ㄓㄟ
[ʈʂeɪ]
shei
ㄕㄟ
[ʂeɪ]
zei
ㄗㄟ
[ʦeɪ]
ei
ao

[aʊ]
ao

[aʊ]
bao
ㄅㄠ
[paʊ]
pao
ㄆㄠ
[pʰaʊ]
mao
ㄇㄠ
[maʊ]
dao
ㄉㄠ
[taʊ]
tao
ㄊㄠ
[tʰaʊ]
nao
ㄋㄠ
[naʊ]
lao
ㄌㄠ
[laʊ]
gao
ㄍㄠ
[kaʊ]
kao
ㄎㄠ
[kʰaʊ]
hao
ㄏㄠ
[xaʊ]
zhao
ㄓㄠ
[ʈʂaʊ]
chao
ㄔㄠ
[ʈʂʰaʊ]
shao
ㄕㄠ
[ʂaʊ]
rao
ㄖㄠ
[ʐaʊ]
zao
ㄗㄠ
[ʦaʊ]
cao
ㄘㄠ
[ʦʰaʊ]
sao
ㄙㄠ
[saʊ]
ao
ou

[oʊ]
ou

[oʊ]
pou
ㄆㄡ
[pʰoʊ]
mou
ㄇㄡ
[moʊ]
fou
ㄈㄡ
[foʊ]
dou
ㄉㄡ
[toʊ]
tou
ㄊㄡ
[tʰoʊ]
nou
ㄋㄡ
[noʊ]
lou
ㄌㄡ
[loʊ]
gou
ㄍㄡ
[koʊ]
kou
ㄎㄡ
[kʰoʊ]
hou
ㄏㄡ
[xoʊ]
zhou
ㄓㄡ
[ʈʂoʊ]
chou
ㄔㄡ
[ʈʂʰoʊ]
shou
ㄕㄡ
[ʂoʊ]
rou
ㄖㄡ
[ʐoʊ]
zou
ㄗㄡ
[ʦoʊ]
cou
ㄘㄡ
[ʦʰoʊ]
sou
ㄙㄡ
[soʊ]
ou
m

[m̩]
m

[m̩]
hm
ㄏㄇ
[hm̩]
m
n

[n̩]
n

[n̩]
n
an

[an]
an

[an]
ban
ㄅㄢ
[pan]
pan
ㄆㄢ
[pʰan]
man
ㄇㄢ
[man]
fan
ㄈㄢ
[fan]
dan
ㄉㄢ
[tan]
tan
ㄊㄢ
[tʰan]
nan
ㄋㄢ
[nan]
lan
ㄌㄢ
[lan]
gan
ㄍㄢ
[kan]
kan
ㄎㄢ
[kʰan]
han
ㄏㄢ
[xan]
zhan
ㄓㄢ
[ʈʂan]
chan
ㄔㄢ
[ʈʂʰan]
shan
ㄕㄢ
[ʂan]
ran
ㄖㄢ
[ʐan]
zan
ㄗㄢ
[ʦan]
can
ㄘㄢ
[ʦʰan]
san
ㄙㄢ
[san]
an
en

[ən]
en

[ən]
ben
ㄅㄣ
[pən]
pen
ㄆㄣ
[pʰən]
men
ㄇㄣ
[mən]
fen
ㄈㄣ
[fən]
den
ㄉㄣ
[tən]
nen
ㄋㄣ
[nən]
gen
ㄍㄣ
[kən]
ken
ㄎㄣ
[kʰən]
hen
ㄏㄣ
[xən]
zhen
ㄓㄣ
[ʈʂən]
chen
ㄔㄣ
[ʈʂʰən]
shen
ㄕㄣ
[ʂən]
ren
ㄖㄣ
[ʐən]
zen
ㄗㄣ
[ʦən]
cen
ㄘㄣ
[ʦʰən]
sen
ㄙㄣ
[sən]
en
ng
[4]
[ŋ̩]
ng

[ŋ̩]
hng
ㄏㄫ
[hŋ̩]
ng
ang

[ɑŋ]
ang

[ɑŋ]
bang
ㄅㄤ
[pɑŋ]
pang
ㄆㄤ
[pʰɑŋ]
mang
ㄇㄤ
[mɑŋ]
fang
ㄈㄤ
[fɑŋ]
dang
ㄉㄤ
[tɑŋ]
tang
ㄊㄤ
[tʰɑŋ]
nang
ㄋㄤ
[nɑŋ]
lang
ㄌㄤ
[lɑŋ]
gang
ㄍㄤ
[kɑŋ]
kang
ㄎㄤ
[kʰɑŋ]
hang
ㄏㄤ
[xɑŋ]
zhang
ㄓㄤ
[ʈʂɑŋ]
chang
ㄔㄤ
[ʈʂʰɑŋ]
shang
ㄕㄤ
[ʂɑŋ]
rang
ㄖㄤ
[ʐɑŋ]
zang
ㄗㄤ
[ʦɑŋ]
cang
ㄘㄤ
[ʦʰɑŋ]
sang
ㄙㄤ
[sɑŋ]
ang
eng

[ɤŋ]
eng

[ɤŋ]
beng
ㄅㄥ
[pʌŋ]
peng
ㄆㄥ
[pʰɤŋ]
meng
ㄇㄥ
[mɤŋ]
feng
ㄈㄥ
[fɤŋ]
deng
ㄉㄥ
[tɤŋ]
teng
ㄊㄥ
[tʰɤŋ]
neng
ㄋㄥ
[nɤŋ]
leng
ㄌㄥ
[lɤŋ]
geng
ㄍㄥ
[kɤŋ]
keng
ㄎㄥ
[kʰɤŋ]
heng
ㄏㄥ
[xɤŋ]
zheng
ㄓㄥ
[ʈʂɤŋ]
cheng
ㄔㄥ
[ʈʂʰʌŋ]
sheng
ㄕㄥ
[ʂɤŋ]
reng
ㄖㄥ
[ʐɤŋ]
zeng
ㄗㄥ
[ʦɤŋ]
ceng
ㄘㄥ
[ʦʰʌŋ]
seng
ㄙㄥ
[sɤŋ]
eng
er

[ɑɻ]
er

[ɑɻ]
er
斉歯呼 i

[i]
yi

[ji]
bi
ㄅㄧ
[pi]
pi
ㄆㄧ
[pʰi]
mi
ㄇㄧ
[mi]
di
ㄉㄧ
[ti]
ti
ㄊㄧ
[tʰi]
ni
ㄋㄧ
[ɲi]
li
ㄌㄧ
[li]
ji
ㄐㄧ
[ʨi]
qi
ㄑㄧ
[ʨʰi]
xi
ㄒㄧ
[ɕi]
西
i 斉歯呼
ia
ㄧㄚ
[iɑ]
ya
ㄧㄚ
[jɑ]
dia
ㄉㄧㄚ
[tiɑ]
[5]
nia
ㄋㄧㄚ
[ɲiɑ]
[6]
lia
ㄌㄧㄚ
[liɑ]
jia
ㄐㄧㄚ
[ʨiɑ]
qia
ㄑㄧㄚ
[ʨʰiɑ]
xia
ㄒㄧㄚ
[ɕiɑ]
ia
io
ㄧㄛ
[io]
yo
ㄧㄛ
[jo]
io
ie
ㄧㄝ
[iɛ]
ye
ㄧㄝ
[jɛ]
bie
ㄅㄧㄝ
[piɛ]
pie
ㄆㄧㄝ
[pʰiɛ]
mie
ㄇㄧㄝ
[miɛ]
die
ㄉㄧㄝ
[tiɛ]
tie
ㄊㄧㄝ
[tʰiɛ]
nie
ㄋㄧㄝ
[ɲiɛ]
lie
ㄌㄧㄝ
[liɛ]
jie
ㄐㄧㄝ
[ʨiɛ]
qie
ㄑㄧㄝ
[ʨʰiɛ]
xie
ㄒㄧㄝ
[ɕiɛ]
ie
iai
ㄧㄞ
[iaɪ]
yai
ㄧㄞ
[jaɪ]
[7]
iai
iao
ㄧㄠ
[iɑʊ]
yao
ㄧㄠ
[jɑʊ]
biao
ㄅㄧㄠ
[piɑʊ]
piao
ㄆㄧㄠ
[pʰiɑʊ]
miao
ㄇㄧㄠ
[miɑʊ]
diao
ㄉㄧㄠ
[tiɑʊ]
tiao
ㄊㄧㄠ
[tʰiɑʊ]
niao
ㄋㄧㄠ
[ɲiɑʊ]
尿
liao
ㄌㄧㄠ
[liɑʊ]
jiao
ㄐㄧㄠ
[ʨiɑʊ]
qiao
ㄑㄧㄠ
[ʨʰiɑʊ]
xiao
ㄒㄧㄠ
[ɕiɑʊ]
iao
iu
ㄧㄡ
[ioʊ]
you
ㄧㄡ
[joʊ]
miu
ㄇㄧㄡ
[mioʊ]
diu
ㄉㄧㄡ
[tioʊ]
niu
ㄋㄧㄡ
[ɲioʊ]
liu
ㄌㄧㄡ
[lioʊ]
jiu
ㄐㄧㄡ
[ʨioʊ]
qiu
ㄑㄧㄡ
[ʨʰioʊ]
xiu
ㄒㄧㄡ
[ɕioʊ]
iu
ian
ㄧㄢ
[iɛn]
yan
ㄧㄢ
[jɛn]
bian
ㄅㄧㄢ
[piɛn]
便
pian
ㄆㄧㄢ
[pʰiɛn]
mian
ㄇㄧㄢ
[miɛn]
dian
ㄉㄧㄢ
[tiɛn]
tian
ㄊㄧㄢ
[tʰiɛn]
nian
ㄋㄧㄢ
[ɲiɛn]
lian
ㄌㄧㄢ
[liɛn]
jian
ㄐㄧㄢ
[ʨiɛn]
qian
ㄑㄧㄢ
[ʨʰiɛn]
xian
ㄒㄧㄢ
[ɕiɛn]
ian
in
ㄧㄣ
[in]
yin
ㄧㄣ
[jin]
bin
ㄅㄧㄣ
[pin]
pin
ㄆㄧㄣ
[pʰin]
min
ㄇㄧㄣ
[min]
nin
ㄋㄧㄣ
[ɲin]
lin
ㄌㄧㄣ
[lin]
jin
ㄐㄧㄣ
[ʨin]
qin
ㄑㄧㄣ
[ʨʰin]
xin
ㄒㄧㄣ
[ɕin]
in
iang
ㄧㄤ
[iɑŋ]
yang
ㄧㄤ
[jɑŋ]
biang
ㄅㄧㄤ
[piɑŋ]
[8]
niang
ㄋㄧㄤ
[ɲiɑŋ]
liang
ㄌㄧㄤ
[liɑŋ]
jiang
ㄐㄧㄤ
[ʨiɑŋ]
qiang
ㄑㄧㄤ
[ʨʰiɑŋ]
xiang
ㄒㄧㄤ
[ɕiɑŋ]
iang
ing
ㄧㄥ
[iŋ]
ying
ㄧㄥ
[jiŋ]
bing
ㄅㄧㄥ
[piŋ]
ping
ㄆㄧㄥ
[pʰiŋ]
ming
ㄇㄧㄥ
[miŋ]
ding
ㄉㄧㄥ
[tiŋ]
ting
ㄊㄧㄥ
[tʰiŋ]
ning
ㄋㄧㄥ
[ɲiŋ]
ling
ㄌㄧㄥ
[liŋ]
jing
ㄐㄧㄥ
[ʨiŋ]
qing
ㄑㄧㄥ
[ʨʰiŋ]
xing
ㄒㄧㄥ
[ɕiŋ]
ing
合口呼 u

[u]
wu

[wu]
bu
ㄅㄨ
[pu]
pu
ㄆㄨ
[pʰu]
mu
ㄇㄨ
[mu]
fu
ㄈㄨ
[fu]
du
ㄉㄨ
[tu]
tu
ㄊㄨ
[tʰu]
nu
ㄋㄨ
[nu]
lu
ㄌㄨ
[lu]
gu
ㄍㄨ
[ku]
ku
ㄎㄨ
[kʰu]
hu
ㄏㄨ
[xu]
zhu
ㄓㄨ
[ʈʂu]
chu
ㄔㄨ
[ʈʂʰu]
shu
ㄕㄨ
[ʂu]
ru
ㄖㄨ
[ʐu]
zu
ㄗㄨ
[ʦu]
cu
ㄘㄨ
[ʦʰu]
su
ㄙㄨ
[su]
u 合口呼
ua
ㄨㄚ
[uɑ]
wa
ㄨㄚ
[wɑ]
gua
ㄍㄨㄚ
[kuɑ]
kua
ㄎㄨㄚ
[kʰuɑ]
hua
ㄏㄨㄚ
[xuɑ]
zhua
ㄓㄨㄚ
[ʈʂuɑ]
chua
ㄔㄨㄚ
[ʈʂʰuɑ]
shua
ㄕㄨㄚ
[ʂuɑ]
rua
ㄖㄨㄚ
[ʐuɑ]
ua
uo
ㄨㄛ
[uɔ]
wo
ㄨㄛ
[wɔ]
duo
ㄉㄨㄛ
[tuɔ]
tuo
ㄊㄨㄛ
[tʰuɔ]
nuo
ㄋㄨㄛ
[nuɔ]
luo
ㄌㄨㄛ
[luɔ]
guo
ㄍㄨㄛ
[kuɔ]
kuo
ㄎㄨㄛ
[kʰuɔ]
huo
ㄏㄨㄛ
[xuɔ]
zhuo
ㄓㄨㄛ
[ʈʂuɔ]
chuo
ㄔㄨㄛ
[ʈʂʰuɔ]
shuo
ㄕㄨㄛ
[ʂuɔ]
ruo
ㄖㄨㄛ
[ʐuɔ]
zuo
ㄗㄨㄛ
[ʦuɔ]
cuo
ㄘㄨㄛ
[ʦʰuɔ]
suo
ㄙㄨㄛ
[suɔ]
uo
uai
ㄨㄞ
[uaɪ]
wai
ㄨㄞ
[waɪ]
guai
ㄍㄨㄞ
[kuaɪ]
kuai
ㄎㄨㄞ
[kʰuaɪ]
huai
ㄏㄨㄞ
[xuaɪ]
zhuai
ㄓㄨㄞ
[ʈʂuaɪ]
chuai
ㄔㄨㄞ
[ʈʂʰuaɪ]
shuai
ㄕㄨㄞ
[ʂuaɪ]
uai
ui
ㄨㄟ
[ueɪ]
wei
ㄨㄟ
[weɪ]
dui
ㄉㄨㄟ
[tueɪ]
tui
ㄊㄨㄟ
[tʰueɪ]
gui
ㄍㄨㄟ
[kueɪ]
kui
ㄎㄨㄟ
[kʰueɪ]
hui
ㄏㄨㄟ
[xueɪ]
zhui
ㄓㄨㄟ
[ʈʂueɪ]
chui
ㄔㄨㄟ
[ʈʂʰueɪ]
shui
ㄕㄨㄟ
[ʂueɪ]
rui
ㄖㄨㄟ
[ʐueɪ]
zui
ㄗㄨㄟ
[ʦueɪ]
cui
ㄘㄨㄟ
[ʦʰueɪ]
sui
ㄙㄨㄟ
[sueɪ]
ui
uan
ㄨㄢ
[uan]
wan
ㄨㄢ
[wan]
duan
ㄉㄨㄢ
[tuan]
tuan
ㄊㄨㄢ
[tʰuan]
nuan
ㄋㄨㄢ
[nuan]
luan
ㄌㄨㄢ
[luan]
guan
ㄍㄨㄢ
[kuan]
kuan
ㄎㄨㄢ
[kʰuan]
huan
ㄏㄨㄢ
[xuan]
zhuan
ㄓㄨㄢ
[ʈʂuan]
chuan
ㄔㄨㄢ
[ʈʂʰuan]
穿
shuan
ㄕㄨㄢ
[ʂuan]
ruan
ㄖㄨㄢ
[ʐuan]
zuan
ㄗㄨㄢ
[ʦuan]
cuan
ㄘㄨㄢ
[ʦʰuan]
suan
ㄙㄨㄢ
[suan]
uan
un
ㄨㄣ
[uən]
wen
ㄨㄣ
[wən]
dun
ㄉㄨㄣ
[tuən]
tun
ㄊㄨㄣ
[tʰuən]
lun
ㄌㄨㄣ
[luən]
gun
ㄍㄨㄣ
[kun]
kun
ㄎㄨㄣ
[kʰun]
hun
ㄏㄨㄣ
[xun]
zhun
ㄓㄨㄣ
[ʈʂuən]
chun
ㄔㄨㄣ
[ʈʂʰuən]
shun
ㄕㄨㄣ
[ʂuən]
run
ㄖㄨㄣ
[ʐuən]
zun
ㄗㄨㄣ
[ʦuən]
cun
ㄘㄨㄣ
[ʦʰuən]
sun
ㄙㄨㄣ
[suən]
un
uang
ㄨㄤ
[uɑŋ]
wang
ㄨㄤ
[wɑŋ]
guang
ㄍㄨㄤ
[kuɑŋ]
kuang
ㄎㄨㄤ
[kʰuɑŋ]
huang
ㄏㄨㄤ
[xuɑŋ]
zhuang
ㄓㄨㄤ
[ʈʂuɑŋ]
chuang
ㄔㄨㄤ
[ʈʂʰuɑŋ]
shuang
ㄕㄨㄤ
[ʂuɑŋ]
uang
ong
ㄨㄥ
[uɤŋ]
weng
ㄨㄥ
[wɤŋ]
dong
ㄉㄨㄥ
[tʊŋ]
tong
ㄊㄨㄥ
[tʰʊŋ]
nong
ㄋㄨㄥ
[nʊŋ]
long
ㄌㄨㄥ
[lʊŋ]
gong
ㄍㄨㄥ
[kʊŋ]
kong
ㄎㄨㄥ
[kʰʊŋ]
hong
ㄏㄨㄥ
[xʊŋ]
zhong
ㄓㄨㄥ
[ʈʂʊŋ]
chong
ㄔㄨㄥ
[ʈʂʰʊŋ]
rong
ㄖㄨㄥ
[ʐʊŋ]
zong
ㄗㄨㄥ
[ʦʊŋ]
cong
ㄘㄨㄥ
[ʦʰʊŋ]
song
ㄙㄨㄥ
[sʊŋ]
ong
撮口呼 ü

[y]
yu

[jy]
[9]
ㄋㄩ
[ɲy]
[10]
ㄌㄩ
[ly]
ju
ㄐㄩ
[ʨy]
qu
ㄑㄩ
[ʨʰy]
xu
ㄒㄩ
[ɕy]
ü 撮口呼
üe
ㄩㄝ
[yɛ]
yue
ㄩㄝ
[jyɛ]
nüe[10]
ㄋㄩㄝ
[ɲyɛ]
lüe[10]
ㄌㄩㄝ
[lyɛ]
jue
ㄐㄩㄝ
[ʨyɛ]
que
ㄑㄩㄝ
[ʨʰyɛ]
xue
ㄒㄩㄝ
[ɕyɛ]
üe
üan
ㄩㄢ
[yɛn]
yuan
ㄩㄢ
[jyɛn]
juan
ㄐㄩㄢ
[ʨyɛn]
quan
ㄑㄩㄢ
[ʨʰyɛn]
xuan
ㄒㄩㄢ
[ɕyɛn]
üan
ün
ㄩㄣ
[yn]
yun
ㄩㄣ
[jyn]
jun
ㄐㄩㄣ
[ʨyn]
qun
ㄑㄩㄣ
[ʨʰyn]
xun
ㄒㄩㄣ
[ɕyn]
ün
iong
ㄩㄥ
[yʊŋ]
yong
ㄩㄥ
[jyʊŋ]
jiong
ㄐㄩㄥ
[ʨyʊŋ]
qiong
ㄑㄩㄥ
[ʨʰyʊŋ]
xiong
ㄒㄩㄥ
[ɕyʊŋ]
iong
韻母 ø b p m f d t n l g k h j q x zh ch sh r z c s 韻母
声母

脚注[編集]

  1. ^ yaの別音。北京の古い方言音であり、『新華字典』や『現代漢語規範字典』などは認めていない。『漢語方言字彙』p13には北京で旧音と記載。
  2. ^ の広く使われる口語音でもあり、『新華字典』や『現代漢語規範字典』などは認めていない。
  3. ^ の別音。北京の方言音であり、『新華字典』や『現代漢語規範字典』などは認めていない。1985年『北京方言詞典』p237には記載。
  4. ^ 「兀」に似た文字。U+312B。
  5. ^ 『新華字典』に方言音として掲載。
  6. ^ 『新華字典』1998年版に方言音として掲載。第11版には掲載無し。
  7. ^ yaの別音。『新華字典』や『現代漢語規範字典』などは認めていない。
  8. ^ 陝西方言音であるが、ビャンビャン麺の発音として広がりつつあり、また、台湾でも美しい、すばらしいなどの形容詞に使われ、Lionel Salemらの『Les Plus Belles Formules Mathématiques』という数学書を胡守仁は『最ㄅㄧㄤˋ的數學公式』と訳している(天下遠見刊。2006年)。
  9. ^ üは、uと区別が必要な場合にのみ用いるが、中国語漢字のピンイン入力や、中国人のパスポートに記載のローマ字表記などではvで代用される。
  10. ^ a b c ü

参考文献[編集]

  • 商務印書館 編、『新華字典』第11版、2011年、北京・商務印書館、ISBN 978-7-100-07704-0
  • 北京大学中国語言文学系語言学教研室 編、『漢語方言字彙』第二版、1989年、北京・文字改革出版社、ISBN 7-90029-000-1
  • 陳鋼 編、『北京方言詞典』第1版、1985年、北京・商務印書館