地域大国

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地域大国(ちいきたいこく、:Regional power)とは、ある一定の地域内で政治軍事経済で大きな影響力を持つ国。地域大国の周辺国は、地域大国の政治的な影響を受けやすく従属的な立場に立たされることもあるため地域大国の動向は周辺国にとって注視すべき重要な問題となる。地域大国の枠を越えて世界的に強い影響力を持つ国を単に大国もくしは列強(Great power)などと呼ぶ。さらにその枠すらも越え、世界全体に影響力が及ぶ国を超大国(superpower)と呼ぶ。

概要[編集]

緑がメジャーな地域大国、薄い緑がマイナーな地域大国

国際政治学の研究者により見解が異なることがあるが、下記の国が一定の影響力を持つ国として挙げられる。

アフリカ[編集]

アフリカの角[編集]

南東アフリカ[編集]

北アフリカ[編集]

南部アフリカ[編集]

西アフリカ[編集]

アメリカ[編集]

北アメリカ[編集]

南アメリカ[編集]

アジア[編集]

東アジア[編集]

南アジア[編集]

東南アジア[編集]

西アジア[編集]

ヨーロッパ[編集]

ユーラシア[編集]

オセアニア[編集]

脚注[編集]

  1. ^ a b "And in the Horn of Africa, there is Ethiopia as the regional power." See Godfrey Mwakikagile, Africa is in a Mess (Pretoria: New Africa Press, 2006), p. 31.
  2. ^ a b "Regional powers, typically Nigeria and South Africa, but also including Algeria, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Senegal, that are perceived as crucial to the maintenance of regional stability and therefore as "regional anchors" of counterterrorism effors." See U.S. Naval War College, American Foreign Policy: Regional Perspectives (Newport, USA: Ruger Workshop: 2009), p. 263.
  3. ^ Frank N. Magill (1999). The 20th Century Go-N: Dictionary of World Biography. Routledge. pp. 2775–. ISBN 978-1-317-74060-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=I3sBAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA2775. 
  4. ^ Ladislas Bizimana (1999). Conflict in the African Great Lakes Region: A critical analysis of regional and international involvement. Universidad de Deusto. pp. 55–. ISBN 978-84-9830-536-4. http://books.google.com/books?id=sqAnjOXk6q4C&pg=PA55. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Buzan, Barry (2004). The United States and the Great Powers. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Polity Press. pp. 71. ISBN 0-7456-3375-7. 
  6. ^ www.defenselink.mil
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  8. ^ Historical Dictionary of Angola By W. Martin James page 17
  9. ^ a b c d e f www.aims.ca[リンク切れ]
  10. ^ www.iss.co.za[リンク切れ]
  11. ^ "Southern Africa is home to the other of sub-Saharan Africa's regional powers: South Africa. South Africa is more than just a regional power; it is by far the most developed and economically powerful country in Africa, and now it is able to use that influence in Africa more than during the days of apartheid (white rule), when it was ostracized." See David Lynch, Trade and Globalization (Lanham, USA: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2010), p. 51.
  12. ^ Zones of Peace in the Third World: South America and West Africa in ...By Arie Marcelo page 144 Kacowicz
  13. ^ "West Africa, with its strong French influence, is home to one of Africa's two regional giants, Nigeria, and the region has seen the scene of much political and ethnic unrest." See David Lynch, Trade and Globalization (Lanham, USA: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2010), p. 51.
  14. ^ "South Africa is not the sole regional power on the continent, though; Nigeria is the other widely acknowledge centre of power in Africa and likewise a sub-regional superpower in West Africa." See Deon Geldenhuys, "South Africa: The Idea-driven Foreign Policy of a Regional Power," in Regional Leadership in the Global System, edited by Daniel Flemes (Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2010), p. 151.
  15. ^ James Scott, Matthias vom Hau and David Hulme. “Beyond the BICs: Strategies of influence”. The University of Manchester. 2012年4月11日閲覧。
  16. ^ How to compare regional powers: analytical concepts and research topics”. British International Studies Association. 2012年4月11日閲覧。
  17. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan
  18. ^ Dadush, Uri. “China’s Rise and Latin America: A Global, Long-Term Perspective”. Inter-American Dialogue. 2012年4月17日閲覧。 “Moreover, the rise of regional powers Brazil and Mexico, and their burgeoning middle classes, could be a boon for other Latin American economies.”
  19. ^ http://www.internationalpolicydigest.org/2012/04/16/chinese-cyber-information-profusion-anti-access-area-denial-in-summative-context/
  20. ^ "Argentina has been the leading military and economic power in the Southern Cone in the Twentieth Century." See Michael Morris, "The Srait of Magellan," in International Straits of the World, edited by Gerard Mangone (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishes, 1988), p. 63.
  21. ^ a b "Secondary regional powers in Huntington's view include Great Britain, Ukraine, Japan, South Korea, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Argentina." See Tom Nierop, "The Clash of Civilisations," in The Territorial Factor, edited by Gertjan Dijkink and Hans Knippenberg (Amsterdam: Vossiuspers UvA, 2001), p. 61.
  22. ^ "The US has created a foundation upon which the regional powers, especially Argentina and Brazil, can developed their own rules for further managing regional relations." See David Lake, "Regional Hierarchies," in Globalising the Regional, edited by Rick Fawn (UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009), p. 55.
  23. ^ "The southern cone of South America, including Argentina and Brazil, the two regional powers, has recently become a pluralistic security community." See Emanuel Adler and Patricia Greve, "Overlapping regional mechanisms of security governance," in Globalising the Regional, edited by Rick Fawn (UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009), p. 78.
  24. ^ "[...] notably by linking the Southern Cone's rival regional powers, Brazil and Argentina." See Alejandra Ruiz-Dana, Peter Goldschag, Edmundo Claro and Hernan Blanco, "Regional integration, trade and conflicts in Latin America," in Regional Trade Integration and Conflict Resolution, edited by Shaheen Rafi Khan (New York: Routledge, 2009), p. 18.
  25. ^ a b Samuel P. Huntington, "Culture, Power, and Democracy," in Globalization, Power, and Democracy, edited by Marc Plattner and Aleksander Smolar (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000), p. 6.
  26. ^ ""The driving force behind the adoption of the MERCOSUR agreement was similar to that of the establishment of the EU: the hope of limiting the possibilities of traditional military hostility between the major regional powers, Brazil and Argentina." See Anestis Papadopoulos, The International Dimension of EU Competition Law and Policy (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010), p. 283.
  27. ^ Brazil as a Regional Power: Views from the Hemisphere”. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. 2012年4月16日閲覧。
  28. ^ Brazil as an intermediate state and regional power: action, choice and responsibilities”. Chatham House. 2012年4月16日閲覧。
  29. ^ Wigell, Mikael. “Assertive Brazil, an emerging power and its implications”. Finnish Institute of International Affairs. 2012年4月16日閲覧。
  30. ^ Flemes, Daniel. “Brazil’s strategic options in a multiregional world order”. German Institute of Global and Area Studies. 2012年4月16日閲覧。
  31. ^ a b Bruce Bagley, Regional Powers in the Caribbean Basin: Mexico, Venezuela, and Colombia (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983).
  32. ^ a b "During the Central American crisis, the so-called 'regional powers' (Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela) activated -- together with Panama -- their respective Caribbean vocations through the Contadora Group." See Antonio Gaztambide-Geigel, "The forces of regional co-operation, 1942-97," in General History of the Caribbean, edited by German Carrera and Bridget Brereton (UNESCO, 2004), p. 365.
  33. ^ "Venezuela, with a small population, can lay claim to the role of middling regional power only because of its oil. Its geostrategic position is linked to the Caribbean as a whole, and its interest lies in maintaining stability there." See Gerard Chaliand and Jean-Pierre Bageau, Strategic Atlas: A Comparative Geopolitics of the World's Powers (New York: HarperPerennial, 1992), p. 175.
  34. ^ Living With The Giants - TIME
  35. ^ China: Global/Regional Power
  36. ^ CNN In-Depth Specials - Visions of China - Asian Superpower: Regional 'godfather' or local bully?
  37. ^ www.abc.net
  38. ^ http://www.aseanfocus.com/asiananalysis/article.cfm?articleID=780 www.aseanfocus.com
  39. ^ a b c d [1]
  40. ^ Japan and the Myanmar Stalemate: Regional Power and Resolution of a Regional Problem
  41. ^ a b c d www.csbaonline.org
  42. ^ http://www.springerlink.com/content/nrnnj1f163kaxye3/
  43. ^ http://www.hudsonny.org/2010/03/the-korean-incident-changing-dynamics-in-asia.php
  44. ^ http://www.ndu.edu/inss/Press/jfq_pages/editions/i47/19.pdf
  45. ^ http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/events/2009/0416_korea/20090416_korea.pdf
  46. ^ a b c The United States and the great powers: world politics in the twenty-first century
  47. ^ a b c Buzan, Barry; Wæver, Ole (2003). Regions and powers: the structure of international security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 55. ISBN 0-521-89111-6. 
  48. ^ Perkovich, George. “Is India a Major Power?” (PDF). The Washington Quarterly (27.1 Winter 2003-04). http://www.twq.com/04winter/docs/04winter_perkovich.pdf 2007年12月13日閲覧。. 
  49. ^ Encarta - Great Powers
  50. ^ Dilip Mohite (Spring 1993). Swords and Ploughshares- India: The Fourth Great Power?. Vol. 7, No. 3. Arms Control, Disarmament, and International Security (ACDIS). http://www.acdis.uiuc.edu/Research/S&Ps/1993-Sp/S&P_VII-3/great_power.html 2007年12月13日閲覧。. 
  51. ^ [G20] [2]
  52. ^ "We can talk meaningfully about Vietnam as the regional power in former Indochina, as one regional power among many in Southeast Asia, or as not a regional power in Asia." See Brantly Womack, China Among Unequals (Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co., 2010), p. 77.
  53. ^ 'Vietnam has emerged as a regional power in South-East Asia': Hamid Ansari”. http://www.dnaindia.com. 2012年9月5日閲覧。
  54. ^ U.S.-Vietnamese rapprochement and Hanoi’s Dilemma”. 2012年9月5日閲覧。
  55. ^ [3]
  56. ^ ""Iran is a strong regional power, in a far better shape than Pakistan because f its economic capabilities, rich mineral and energy resources, and internal stability, added to its far greater geostrategic importance." In Hooman Peimani, Nuclear Proliferation in the Indian Subcontinent (Westport: Praeger Publishers, 2000), p. 30.
  57. ^ www.lrb.co.uk
  58. ^ www.acronym.org.uk
  59. ^ findarticles.com
  60. ^ yaleglobal.yale.edu
  61. ^ Maclean, William (2014年9月30日). “Syria raids show Saudi, UAE ambition to extend regional authority”. Reuters. http://uk.reuters.com/article/2014/09/30/uk-mideast-crisis-saudi-emirates-idUKKCN0HP14X20140930 2014年10月26日閲覧。 
  62. ^ Gause, F. Gregory (2014年8月25日). “ISIS and the New Middle East Cold War”. Brookings Institution. 2014年10月26日閲覧。
  63. ^ Matthew, Francis (2014年10月15日). “UAE’s growing openness”. Gulf News. http://gulfnews.com/opinions/columnists/uae-s-growing-openness-1.1399359 2014年10月26日閲覧。 
  64. ^ globalpolicy.org
  65. ^ tspace.library.utoronto.ca
  66. ^ "Operation Alba may be considered one of the most important instances in which Italy has acted as a regional power, taking the lead in executing a technically and politically coherent and determined strategy." See Federiga Bindi, Italy and the European Union (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2011), p. 171.
  67. ^ "Italy plays a prominent role in European and global military, cultural and diplomatic affairs. The country's European political, social and economic influence make it a major regional power." See Italy: Justice System and National Police Handbook, Vol. 1 (Washington, D.C.: International Business Publications, 2009), p. 9.
  68. ^ ...L'Italie est avant tout une grande puissance européenne, un État-nation au développement économique brillant, une puissance industrielle, une société civile active, une intelligentsia remarquable, l’un des principaux pôles culturels et artistiques de l’Europe.
  69. ^ http://europeangeostrategy.ideasoneurope.eu/2011/12/29/worlds-fifteen-most-powerful-countries-in-2012/
  70. ^ http://countrystudies.us/spain/88.htm
  71. ^ "In fact, Latin America remained now, as it had been at the start of the transition, Spain's only possibility of rising above its present position [in 2000] a...iddle-ranking regional power within Europe." Javier Tusell, Spain: From Dictatorship to Democracy, 1939 to the Present (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011), chapter 6.
  72. ^ [4] France, Germany, Britain – Responses of Traditional Regional Powers to Rising Regions and Rivals
  73. ^ http://www.carnegie.ru/en/pubs/media/69778.htm www.carnegie.ru
  74. ^ Turkey and Russia on the Rise”. Stratfor (2009年3月17日). 2011年8月21日閲覧。
  75. ^ Can Turkey Be a Source of Stability in the Middle East?”. heptagonpost.com (2010年12月18日). 2011年5月16日閲覧。
  76. ^ The Economist: "Turkish foreign policy: Ottoman dreamer", 5 November 2011.
  77. ^ The Economist: "Turkey in the Balkans: The good old days?", 5 November 2011.
  78. ^ "Erdoğan's Moment", cover story in the Time magazine issue of November 21–28, 2011. (Vol. 178 No. 21.) "Erdoğan's Way" was the cover title in the editions of Europe, Asia and South Pacific.
  79. ^ www.routledge.com
  80. ^ www.foreignminister.gov.au

関連項目[編集]