Toeko Tatsuno

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』

Toeko Tatsuno (辰野 登恵子, Tatsuno Toeko, 13 January 1950 – 19 September 2014) was a Japanese abstract painter, printmaker, and former professor at Tama Art University in Japan. Her birth name was Toeko Naka (中 登恵子, Toeko Naka).

Biography[編集]

Early Life and Education (1950-1974)[編集]

Toeko Tatsuno was born in Okaya City, Nagano Prefecture, in Japan.[1] She began painting when she was a junior high school student.[2] She studied at Suwa Futaba High School in Nagano Prefecture in March 1963.[1] At that time, she was greatly influenced by the leading contemporary artists of the time, represented by Jasper Johns and Andy Warhol.[3]

In April of the same year, she entered the Department of Painting at the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music.[1] During her undergraduate years, she formed an artistic group, ‘Cosmos Factory (「コスモ・ファクトリー」)’ with two of her classmates, Toshio Shibata (柴田 敏雄, Shibata Toshio) and Shin’ichi Kamatani (鎌谷 伸二, Kamatani Shinji).[4] In the aftermath of the Japanese university protests, when regular classes were not held, they created a dark space in the corner of the empty classroom to reproduce photographs and create silk screens.[4] By silk-screening with photomechanical printing presses, she established her style of incorporating existing images and photographs into her work.[4] Tatsuno mentioned that the style was born from a situation where ‘the act of painting on canvas with a brush was considered completely old-fashioned’[5]. Following her first exhibition in 1970, the Cosmos Factory had a group exhibition in the Gallery Muramatsu (村松画廊, Matsumura-Garō) in 1971 and 1973.[4] She graduated with her bachelor’s degree in 1972 and her master’s degree in 1974 from the same university.[1] From 1974 to 1975, she worked as an assistant painter in the university’s printmaking department.[6]

Career and Late-life (1974-2014)[編集]

After graduation, she broadened her activities and participated in numerous exhibitions. In 1995, when she was 45 years old, she held her solo exhibition at the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo as the youngest artist ever.[7] The following year, she became the first female painter to be awarded the Mainichi Art Award.[8] In 2004, she began teaching at Tama Art University, which was innovative when there were few full-time female faculty members.[7] From 2011 to 2012, she produced lithographs at the Idem studio in Paris, France.[3] Tatsuno passed away on 29th September 2014 due to metastatic liver cancer at the age of 64.[1]

Artistic Style: Printmaking to Painting[編集]

In her early career, Tatsuno experimented with prints and drawings, using the figuration of differences created by the strength and slight blurring of line drawings inspired by the repetition of grid and stripe lines from tile walls.[9]

She was inspired by the expression of dots in Roy Lichtenstein’s works and used them to combine the incidental nature of work by prints and the artificiality made by the artist’s unique hand movement.[10] It was a series of prints featuring grit that gave Tatsuno 'a sense of completing my original work for the first time’ that she did not borrow from other artists.[8]

From the 1980s, she began to create continuous patterns of arabesques, diamonds, squares, spheres, and a wide variety of botanical and geometric motifs, working in painting and opening the possibility of contemporary ‘painting’ by relying on incomplete and concrete forms.[7][1] After the 1990s, she continued to boldly depict a series of elementary forms, including spheres, rectangles, and corrugated shapes in the space of large paintings supported by gorgeous colours and heavy textures.[1]

Selected Exhibitions[1][3][6][編集]

Solo Exhibitions

  • 1973, '74, '75 Gallery Muramatsu (村松画廊), Tokyo, Japan
  • 1978 Gallery Tagagi (ギャラリーたかぎ), Nagoya, Japan
  • 1989 Satani Gallery (佐谷画廊), Tokyo, Japan
  • 1990 Goto Museum of Art (後藤美術館), Chiba, Japan
  • 1998 Koji Ogra Gallery (コオジ・オグラギャラリー), Nagoya, Japan
  • 2001 Nishimura Gallery (西村画廊), Tokyo, Japan
  • 2016 Toeko Tatsuno’s Trajectory (「辰野登恵子の軌跡―イメージの視覚化―」), BB Plaza Museum of Art, Hyogo, Japan
  • 2022 Toeko Tatsuno: Expressing the Perceptions of the Body (「辰野登恵子:身体的近くによる版表現」), BB Plaza Museum of Art, Hyogo, Japan


Major Group Exhibitions

  • 1980 Art Today '80: Painting Matters: Beyond the Romanticism (「Art Today '80 絵画の問題展:ロマンティックなものをこえて」), Seibu Museum of Art (西武美術館), Tokyo, Japan
  • 1989 Europia '89 Japan, S. M. A. K., the Municipal Museum of Contemporary Art, Ghent, Belgium
  • 1990 Japan art today: Elusive Perspectives/ Changing Visions (「現代日本美術の多様展」), Sezon Museum of Modern Art, Nagano, Japan
  • 1994 Japanese Art after 1945: Scream against the Sky (「戦後日本の前衛美術」), Yokohama Museum of Art, Kanagawa, Japan; Guggenheim Museum, New York, the US; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California, the US
  • 1995 The 22nd Sao Paulo Biennial, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 2001, 02, '03, '04 Tsubaki-kai 2001 (「椿会展2001」), Shiseido Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
  • 2012 Given Forms: Toeko Tatsuno and Toshio Shibata (「与えられた形象 辰野登恵子 柴田敏雄」), The National Art Center, Tokyo, Japan

Awards[1][3][編集]

  • 1995 The 46th Art Encouragement Prize for New Artists (第46回 芸術選奨文部大臣新人賞)
  • 2013 The 54th Mainichi Art Award (第54回 毎日芸術賞)

Major Public Collection[11][編集]

  • Tokyo Station Gallery
  • Mitaka City Gallery of Art

References[編集]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i 『辰野登恵子 日本美術年鑑所載物故者記事』東京文化財研究所、10月27日 2017、511-12頁。 
  2. ^ 「インタヴュー 辰野登恵子×岡部あおみ」Culture Power”. 岡部あおみ、武蔵野美術大学芸術文化学科. 2023年1月18日閲覧。
  3. ^ a b c d ‘Biography’ 辰野登恵子 公式ウェブサイト”. 2023年1月18日閲覧。
  4. ^ a b c d 『辰野登恵子 ON PAPERS: A Retrospective 1969–2012』青幻社、11月 2018、14, 22頁。 
  5. ^ 『版画芸術』阿部出版株式会社、12月 1998、69頁。 
  6. ^ a b 「辰野登恵子 データ」Culture Power”. 岡部あおみ、武蔵野美術大学芸術文化学科. 2023年1月15日閲覧。
  7. ^ a b c 「アーティスト 辰野登恵子」美術手帖”. 美術手帖. 2023年1月20日閲覧。
  8. ^ a b 「辰野登恵子追悼展」美術館・博物館・展覧会 アイエム[インターネットミュージアム]”. (株)丹青社. 2023年1月18日閲覧。
  9. ^ 「展示案内 『辰野登恵子の軌跡―イメージの知覚化―』」BBプラザ美術館”. BBプラザ美術館. 2023年1月20日閲覧。
  10. ^ 『ミニマル/ポストミニマル 1970年代以降の絵画と彫刻 記録集』宇都宮美術館、2014、51頁。 
  11. ^ ‘Public Collection’ 辰野登恵子 公式ウェブサイト”. 2023年1月20日閲覧。