貿易圏

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貿易圏(ぼうえきけん)とは、政府間貿易協定の一つ。多くは地域国際機関を元に形成され、参加国間は貿易障壁(関税非関税障壁)が軽減・免除される[1]

概要[編集]

貿易圏の一覧[編集]


貿易圏別の統計[編集]

貿易圏 人口 GDP (USD) 参加国
2006 2007 growth per capita
共同市場, 経済同盟 経済通貨同盟 通貨同盟
欧州連合の経済通貨統合 324,879,195 10,685,946,928,310 12,225,304,229,686 14.41% 37,630
東カリブ諸国機構 (OECS) 593,905 3,752,679,562 3,998,281,731 6.54% 6,732
Overseas Issuing Institute (OII) 504,476 12,264,278,329 14,165,953,200 15.51% 28,081
カリブ共同体 (CCCM) 6,418,417 39,616,485,623 43,967,600,765 10.98% 6,850
欧州経済領域(EEA) 499,620,521 14,924,076,504,592 17,186,876,431,709 15.16% 34,400
関税通貨同盟
中部アフリカ諸国経済共同体(CEMAC) 39,278,645 51,265,460,685 58,519,380,755 14.15% 1,490
西アフリカ諸国経済共同体(UEMOA) 90,299,945 50,395,629,494 58,453,871,283 15.99% 647
関税同盟
アンデス共同体(CAN) 96,924,486 281,269,141,372 334,172,968,648 18.81% 3,448
東アフリカ共同体(EAC) 127,107,838 49,882,030,443 61,345,180,041 22.98% 483
欧州連合関税同盟(EUCU) 574,602,745 15,331,827,900,202 17,679,376,474,719 15.31% 30,768
湾岸協力会議(GCC) 36,154,528 724,460,151,595 802,641,302,477 10.79% 22,200
南米共同市場(MERCOSUR) 271,304,946 1,517,510,000,000 1,886,817,000,000 12.44% 9,757
南部アフリカ関税同盟(SACU) 58,000,000 1,499,811,549,187 1,848,337,158,281 23.24% 6,885
特恵貿易地域自由貿易協定
ASEAN自由貿易地域(AANFTA)-ASEAN+3 2,085,858,841 10,216,029,899,764 11,323,947,181,804 10.84% 5,429
Latin American Integration Association (ALADI) 499,807,662 2,823,198,095,131 3,292,088,771,480 16.61% 6,587
アフリカ自由貿易地域 (AFTZ) 553,915,405 643,541,709,413 739,927,625,273 14.98% 1,336
Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement(APTA) 2,714,464,027 4,868,614,302,744 5,828,692,637,764 19.72% 2,147
CARIFORUM-EUCU-OCTs 592,083,950 15,437,771,092,522 17,798,283,524,961 15.29% 30,060
中米統合機構(CACM) 37,388,063 87,209,524,889 97,718,800,794 12.05% 2,614
中欧自由貿易協定(CEFTA) 27,968,711 110,263,802,023 135,404,501,031 22.80% 4,841
独立国家共同体(CISFTA) 272,897,834 1,271,909,586,018 1,661,429,920,721 30.62% 6,088
ドミニカ中米自由貿易協定(DR-CAFTA-US) 356,964,477 13,345,469,865,037 14,008,686,684,089 4.97% 39,244
西アフリカ諸国経済共同体((ECOWAS) 283,096,250 215,999,071,943 255,784,634,128 18.42% 904
欧州自由貿易連合(EFTA)-南部アフリカ関税同盟(SACU) 68,199,991 1,021,509,931,918 1,139,385,636,888 11.54% 16,707
ユーラシア経済共同体(EAEC) 207,033,990 1,125,634,333,117 1,465,256,182,498 30.17% 7,077
北米自由貿易協定(NAFTA) 449,227,672 15,337,094,304,218 16,189,097,801,318 5.56% 36,038
環太平洋戦略的経済連携協定(TPP) 25,639,622 401,810,366,865 468,101,167,294 16.50% 18,257
南アジア地域協力連合(SAARC) 1,567,187,373 1,162,684,650,544 1,428,392,756,312 22.85% 911
南太平洋地域貿易経済協力協定(SPARTECA) 35,079,659 918,557,785,031 1,102,745,750,172 20.05% 31,435
This list is based on the data obtained from 国際連合の旗 国際連合 Statistics Division.

貿易圏についての比較[編集]

取り組み
貿易圏 自由貿易協定(FTA) 経済通貨同盟 渡航自由化 政治的協定 集団防衛 その他
関税同盟 共同市場 通貨同盟 ビザ免除 出入国審査免除
EU 発効 発効7 発効2 発効 1 発効 発効
(シェンゲン協定 1, 7, NPU and CTA 1)
発効 発効
(NATO 1, 7 and CFSP/ESDP 1)
ESA 1, 7
EFTA 発効 発効2, 7 発効 発効 1, 7 発効 1, 7 ESA 1, 7
CARICOM 発効 発効 発効 1 発効 1 and
proposed common
発効 1 proposed proposed 非核
AU ECOWAS 発効 1, 3 発効 1 proposed[2][3] 発効 1 and
proposed for 2012 1 and
proposed common
発効 1 proposed proposed 発効 非核1
ECCAS 発効1 発効1 proposed 発効1 発効 発効 非核1
EAC 発効 発効 proposed for 2015 proposed for 2012 proposed  ? proposed for 2015 非核1
SADC 発効1 発効1 proposed for 2015 de-facto 発効 1 and proposed common for 2016 proposed[4] 非核1
COMESA 発効1 proposed for 2010  ? proposed for 2018 非核1
Common proposed for 2019 proposed for 2019 proposed for 2023 proposed for 2028 proposed for 2028 非核1
UNASUR MERCOSUR 発効 発効 proposed for 2015[5] 発効 proposed for 2014[6] 非核
CAN 発効 発効 1 proposed1[7] 発効 非核
Common proposed for 2014 4 proposed for not after 2019 proposed for 2019 proposed for 2019 発効[8] proposed for 2019 proposed 発効 非核
EurAsEC 発効1 発効1 proposed for 20121 Proposed[9] 発効[10] 発効 1
AL GCC 発効 proposed for 2012[11] proposed proposed 1 発効
Common 発効1 proposed for 2015 proposed for 2020 proposed proposed[12]
ASEAN 発効 5 proposed for 2015[13] proposed 8[14] 発効[15] proposed for 2015[16] proposed for 2020[17] 非核
CAIS 発効1 proposed ? 発効1 発効1 proposed 非核
CEFTA 発効 RCC7
NAFTA 発効 発効 1, 7
SAARC 発効 1, 6
PIF proposed for 20211 非核1

1 not all members participating yet
2 involving goods, services, telecommunications, transport (full liberalisation of railways from 2012), energy (full liberalisation from 2007)
3 telecommunications, transport and energy - proposed
4 sensitive goods to be covered from 2019
5 least developed members to join from 2012
6 least developed members to join from 2017
7 Additionally some non member states also participate (the European Union, EFTA and NATO have overlapping membership and various common initiatives regarding the European integration).
8 Additionally some non member states also participate (ASEAN Plus Three)

関連項目[編集]

脚注[編集]

  1. ^ Schott 1991, 1.
  2. ^ WT/COMTD/N/11
  3. ^ WT/COMTD/N/21
  4. ^ “Prensa Latina”. Prensa Latina. (2007年2月3日). http://www.plenglish.com/Article.asp?ID=%7BED24867F-2CDD-4DF8-9342-2FBF3AB80AB2%7D&language=EN 
  5. ^ WT/REG238/M/1
  6. ^ “Definidos critérios para o Parlamento do Mercosul”. Senado Federal - Notícias. (2007年2月3日). http://www.senado.gov.br/sf/noticia/senamidia/jornalSenado/verNoticia.asp?ud=20051017&datNoticia=20051017&codNoticia=37826 
  7. ^ Twelfth Andean Presidential Council Act of Lima
  8. ^ “South American countries reach visa deal”. CNN. (2006年11月24日). オリジナル2006年12月20日時点によるアーカイブ。. http://web.archive.org/web/20061220143118/http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/americas/11/24/chile.southamerica.ap/index.html 
  9. ^ GCC countries postpone customs union Nazarbayev proposed to create the SCO's reserve currency
  10. ^ http://web.archive.org/20070705142505/www.itar-tass.com/eng/level2.html?NewsID=2847543&PageNum=0
  11. ^ GCC countries postpone customs union move
  12. ^ Yemen Proposes Replacing Arab League With Arab Union, Agence France-Presse, 11 February 2004
  13. ^ “Asean Trade Mins Meet To Speed Up Plans For Single Market”. Malaysia Dual Lingual Business News. (2007年2月3日). http://www.biznewsdb.com/english/newspage/newspage.asp?ID=60515103&file1=6&bulan=05&kw=wwqq 
  14. ^ “Envisioning a single Asian currency”. International Herald Tribune. (2007年2月3日). http://www.iht.com/articles/2006/03/27/bloomberg/bxadb.php 
  15. ^ “ASEAN To Sign Accord On Visa-Free Travel”. AHN - All Headline News. (2007年2月3日). http://www.allheadlinenews.com/articles/7004181732 
  16. ^ “ASEAN Leaders Sign Five Agreements at the 12th ASEAN Summit, Cebu, the Philippines, 13 January 2007” (プレスリリース), ASEAN Secretariat, (2007年1月13日), http://www.asean.org/19223.htm#Article-3 2007年1月28日閲覧, "On the first day of the 12th ASEAN Summit, five Agreements have been signed by ASEAN leaders - reinforcing their commitment in the continuing integration of ASEAN and enhancing political, economic and social cooperation in the region." 
  17. ^ “ASEAN defense ministers aim for security community”. ABS-CBN. (2007年2月3日). http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/storypage.aspx?StoryId=38152 

参考文献[編集]

  • Mansfield, Edward D. and Helen V. Milner, "The New Wave of Regionalism" in Diehl, Paul F. (2005). The Politics of Global Governance: International Organizations in an Interdependent World. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. ISBN 1-55587-654-4. 
  • Milner, Helen V., "International Trade" in Carlsnaes, Walter; Thomas Risse, Beth A. Simmons (2002). Handbook of International Relations. London: SAGE Publications. ISBN 0-7619-6304-9. 
  • O'Loughlin, John; Luc Anselin (1996年). “Geo-Economic Competition and Trade Bloc Formation: United States, German, and Japanese Exports, 1968-1992”. Economic Geography 72 (2): 131–160. doi:10.2307/144263. JSTOR 144263. 
  • Schott, Jeffrey J. (1991年). “Trading blocs and the world trading system”. World Economy 14 (1): 1–17. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9701.1991.tb00748.x.