果実食主義

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果実食主義Fruitarianism、果食主義)は、果実のみを摂取する菜食主義の下位分類名、食行動及び思想。動物性食品(肉、魚、乳製品、卵、蜂蜜等)と植物を殺す行為に基づく植物食(根菜植物、穀物を含む)を摂取しない[1]

地面に落ちた果実のみを食する理想を持つ[2][3][4][5]。しかし児童発達においては、必要栄養素が不足することがある[6][7][8][9]

食物[10][編集]

動機[編集]

研究[編集]

果実食主義の実践者[編集]

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参照[編集]

  1. ^ Houghton Mifflin Company, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, 2009.
  2. ^ Sins of the Flesh: A History of Ethical Vegetarian Thought, Rod Preece, UBC Press, 2008 "Since plants have life, it is necessary, if one is not to starve, to live from the fruit of the plant in such a manner that the host plant itself does not die."
  3. ^ Nutrition for the recreational athlete, Catherine G. Ratzin Jackson, page 95, “The fruitarian diet usually consists of consuming those parts of the plant that are cast off or dropped from the plant and that do not involve the destruction of the plant itself.”, 249 page, Publisher CRC Press, 1995, ISBN 0849379148, 9780849379147
  4. ^ Handbook Of Pediatric Nutrition, Patricia Samour, “A fruitarian diet consists of only fruits. Any plant food that is botanically a fruit or can be obtained without killing or harming the plant is considered a fruit.", Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2003, page 143.
  5. ^ 'The Fruit Hunters, Adam Leith Gollne, "Some factions eat only fallen fruit. Others refuse to eat any seeds because they contain future plants."
  6. ^ Holden, Chris, et al, Royal College of Nursing. Nutrition and Child Health, p. 59. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2000. ISBN 070202421X, 9780702024214.
  7. ^ BBC News, 14 September 2001. "Baby death parents spared jail". Accessed 31 March 2011.
  8. ^ Gollner, Adam Leith. The Fruit Hunters: A Story of Nature, Adventure, Commerce and Obsession, pp. 99-101. Simon and Schuster, 2008. ISBN 074329694X, 9780743296946.
  9. ^ Mantle, Fiona and Anne Casey. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2004, Complementary and alternative medicine for child and adolescent care. ISBN 075065175X, 9780750651752.
  10. ^ http://www.cite-sciences.fr/lexique/definition1.php?idmot=412&rech_lettre=f&num_page=14&habillage=standard&lang=an&id_expo=25&id_habillage=36 definition of fruit
  11. ^ http://www.rawfoodexplained.com/the-human-dietetic-character-part-ii/proteins-in-the-fruitarian-diet.html definition of fruit
  12. ^ http://www.satyamag.com/june03/berry.html Satya June/July 03: Raw History by Rynn Berry
  13. ^ "ahim-sa" - "the Hindu and Buddhist doctrine of refraining from harming any living being", Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary, http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ahimsa
  14. ^ Rensberger, Boyce (1979年5月15日). “Teeth Show Fruit Was The Staple; No Exceptions Found”. Science Times section (New York Times): p. C1. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30813FB3F5D12728DDDAC0994DD405B898BF1D3&scp=1&sq=Teeth+Show+Fruit+Was+The+Staple&st=p 2009年11月1日閲覧。 
  15. ^ Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Vitamin B12”. アメリカ国立衛生研究所: Office of Dietary Supplements. 2009年11月13日閲覧。
  16. ^ Alice!, Health Promotion Program at Columbia University, Health Services at Columbia, August 23, 2002."Go Ask Alice!: Fruitarian teens". Accessed May 20, 2008.
  17. ^ "during five years of a purely fruitarian life I never felt weak, nor did I suffer from any disease". Satyagraha in South Africa ~ XXXV. Tolstoy Farm III, written by Mohandas K. Gandhi, translated by Valji Govindji Desai, http://wikilivres.ca/wiki/Satyagraha_in_South_Africa/Chapter_XXXV._Tolstoy_Farm_III
  18. ^ Autobiography: the story of my experiments with truth(自伝), Social Sciences Series, モハンダス・カラムチャンド・ガンディー, Mahadev Haribhai Desai, Dover, 1983, 468 pages, page 318 " "Dr. Jivraj Mehta treated me. He pressed me hard to resume milk and cereals, but I was obdurate."
  19. ^ Gokhale's Charity, My Experiments with Truth, M.K. Gandhi.
  20. ^ The Fruit Hunters: A Story of Nature, Adventure, Commerce and Obsession, Adam Leith Gollne "Idi Amin, the tyrannical Ugandan dictator, lived his final years in Saudi Arabia as a fruitarian (his affinity for oranges earned him the nickname "Dr. Jaffa")."

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