^Houghton Mifflin Company, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, 2009.
^Sins of the Flesh: A History of Ethical Vegetarian Thought, Rod Preece, UBC Press, 2008 "Since plants have life, it is necessary, if one is not to starve, to live from the fruit of the plant in such a manner that the host plant itself does not die."
^Nutrition for the recreational athlete, Catherine G. Ratzin Jackson, page 95, “The fruitarian diet usually consists of consuming those parts of the plant that are cast off or dropped from the plant and that do not involve the destruction of the plant itself.”, 249 page, Publisher CRC Press, 1995, ISBN 0849379148, 9780849379147
^Handbook Of Pediatric Nutrition, Patricia Samour, “A fruitarian diet consists of only fruits. Any plant food that is botanically a fruit or can be obtained without killing or harming the plant is considered a fruit.", Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2003, page 143.
^'The Fruit Hunters, Adam Leith Gollne, "Some factions eat only fallen fruit. Others refuse to eat any seeds because they contain future plants."
^Holden, Chris, et al, Royal College of Nursing. Nutrition and Child Health, p. 59. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2000. ISBN 070202421X, 9780702024214.
^Autobiography: the story of my experiments with truth（自伝）, Social Sciences Series, モハンダス・カラムチャンド・ガンディー, Mahadev Haribhai Desai, Dover, 1983, 468 pages, page 318 " "Dr. Jivraj Mehta treated me. He pressed me hard to resume milk and cereals, but I was obdurate."
^The Fruit Hunters: A Story of Nature, Adventure, Commerce and Obsession, Adam Leith Gollne "Idi Amin, the tyrannical Ugandan dictator, lived his final years in Saudi Arabia as a fruitarian (his affinity for oranges earned him the nickname "Dr. Jaffa")."