全国職業資格

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全国職業資格(National Vocational Qualifications、NVQ)は、英国イングランドウェールズ北アイルランドにおける職業技能レベルの国家認定制度であり、教育省配下の政府機関資格・カリキュラム開発機構英語版(QCA)が所管している[1][2]スコットランドではスコットランド職業資格(Scottish Vocational Qualification、SVQ)として知られる[1]

NVQはNational Occupational Standardsで定義される「与えられた仕事の役割」が元になっており、それは11の分野に渡り、レベルは1-5段階に分かれている[3]。1は基本作業レベル、5はシニアマネジメントレベルとなる。英国では428万人(労働力人口の14%)がNVQを取得している[3]

NVQを取得するためには、そのレベルに応じた職業遂行能力を持っていることを職場実地にて証明する必要がある[1]。具体的には査定人の前で業務を完遂してみせ、査定人がその作業をチェックすることとなる[1]。特定の履修時間数を要求することはなく[1]、年齢制限も存在しない[1]

NVQ資格の一覧[編集]

会計と財務

  • Accounting
  • Certificate for Financial Advisers
  • Certificate for Mortgage Advisers
  • Payroll
  • Providing Financial Services

自動車

  • Advanced Automotive Diagnostics and Management Fundamentals
  • Auto Electrical and Mobile Electrical Competence
  • Automotive Management and Leadership
  • Body Building Competence
  • Heavy Vehicle Maintenance and Repair Competence
  • Heavy Vehicle Trailer Maintenance and Repair Competence
  • Lift Truck Maintenance and Repair Competence
  • Light Vehicle Maintenance and Repair Competence
  • Motorcycle Maintenance and Repair Competence
  • Vehicle Accident Repair Body Competence
  • Vehicle Accident Repair Mechanical, Electrical and Trim (MET) Competence
  • Vehicle Accident Repair Paint Competence
  • Vehicle Fitting Competence
  • Vehicle Fitting Supervisory Competence
  • Vehicle Sales Competence

ビジネス管理

  • Business Administration
  • Business and Administration
  • Contributing to Business Resource Efficiency
  • Controlling Resource Efficiency
  • Developing a Strategy that Aims to Achieve Sustainability
  • Energy Efficiency in the Workplace
  • Enterprising Skills in a Business Environment
  • Managing Resource Efficiency
  • Marketing
  • Sales
  • Trade Business Services
  • Waste Management in the Workplace
  • Water Efficiency in the Workplace

清掃・施設管理

  • Cleaning and Support Services Skills
  • Cleaning Supervision Skills
  • Facilities Management Practice
  • Facilities Services

建設・環境構築

  • Accessing Operations and Rigging (Construction)
  • Applied Waterproof Membranes (Construction)
  • Building Maintenance Multi-trade Repair and Refurbishment Operations (Construction)
  • Built Environment Design
  • Built Environment Design and Consultancy Practice
  • Built Environment Design Management
  • Civil Engineering for Technicians (Institution of Civil Engineers)
  • Cladding Occupations (Construction)
  • Construction and Building Services Management and Supervision (Sustainability)
  • Construction Contracting Operations
  • Construction Contracting Operations Management
  • Construction Management (Sustainability)
  • Construction Operations and Civil Engineering Services (Construction)
  • Construction Operations and Civil Engineering Services - Construction Operations (Construction)
  • Construction Operations and Civil Engineering Services - Highways Maintenance (Construction)
  • Construction Operations and Civil Engineering Services – Highways Maintenance (Incident Support Unit Operations) (Construction)
  • Construction Operations and Civil Engineering Services – Roadbuilding (Construction)
  • Construction Senior Management
  • Construction Site Management (Construction)
  • Construction Site Supervision (Construction)
  • Controlling Lifting Operations - Slinger-Signaller (Construction)
  • Controlling Lifting Operations - Supervising Lifts (Construction)
  • Decorative Finishing - Painting and Decorating (Construction)
  • Decorative Finishing and Industrial Painting Occupations
  • Demolition (Construction)
  • Directional Drilling Operations
  • Engineering Environmental Technologies
  • Erection of Precast Concrete (Construction)
  • Fitted Interiors (Construction)
  • Floorcovering (Construction)
  • Floorcovering Occupations (Construction)
  • Formwork (Construction)
  • Interior Systems (Construction)
  • Land Drilling Operations
  • Maintenance Operations (Construction)
  • Mastic Asphalting (Construction)
  • Network Construction Operations (Water)
  • Occupational Work Supervision (Construction)
  • Piling Operations (Construction)
  • Plant Maintenance (Construction)
  • Plant Operations (Construction)
  • Plastering (Construction)
  • Post Tensioning Operations (Construction)
  • Roofing Occupations (Construction)
  • Senior Site Inspection
  • Site Inspection
  • Site Logistics Operations (Construction)
  • Specialist Concrete Occupations (Construction)
  • Specialist Installation Occupations (Construction)
  • Steelfixing Occupations (Construction)
  • Stonemasonry (Construction)
  • Sub-structure Work Occupations (Construction)
  • Sub-structure Work Occupations – Structural Waterproofing (Construction)
  • Surveying, Property and Maintenance
  • Thermal Insulation (Construction)
  • Trowel Occupations (Construction)
  • Wall and Floor Tiling (Construction)
  • Wood Occupations (Construction)

クリエイティブ・文化・アート・デザイン

  • Archaeological Practice
  • Community Arts Administration
  • Community Arts Management
  • Cultural Heritage
  • Cultural Venue Operations
  • Design
  • Design Management
  • Design Support
  • Supporting Cultural Venue Operations
  • Technical Theatre Sound Light and Stage
  • Technical Theatre Support Sound Light and Stage
  • Theatre Front of House Skills
  • Theatre Operations Costume and Wardrobe
  • Theatre Support Costume and Wardrobe

顧客サービス・コンタクトセンター運営

  • Contact Centre Operations
  • Customer Service

幼児・児童ケア

  • Certificate for Creative and Cultural Practitioners Working with Children and Young People
  • Certificate for the Children and Young People's Workforce
  • Children's Care, Learning and Development
  • Diploma for the Children and Young People's Workforce
  • Playwork

エネルギーと設備

  • Domestic Energy Assessment
  • Green Deal Domestic Advice
  • Network Construction Operations (Water)

工業生産

  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Automotive Clay Modelling
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Business-Improvement Techniques
  • Combined Working Practices
  • Dry Cleaning Operations
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Engineering Maintenance
  • Engineering Maintenance and Installation
  • Engineering Manufacture
  • Engineering Toolmaking
  • Engineering Woodworking, Pattern and Model Making
  • Installation and Commissioning
  • Marine Engineering
  • Materials Processing and Finishing
  • Mechanical Manufacturing Engineering
  • Performing Engineering Operations
  • Performing Manufacturing Operations
  • Polymer Polymer Composite Operations
  • Rail Engineering Track Maintenance

環境とランドスケープ

  • Animal Care
  • Building Services Engineering for Technicians
  • Diploma for Waste Supervisor
  • Front Line Environmental Services
  • Green Deal Domestic Advice
  • Local Environmental Services Skills
  • Proficiency in Dairy Industry Skills
  • Proficiency in Meat and Poultry Industry Skills
  • Sustainable Recycling Activities
  • Sustainable Recycling Activities (Supervisory)
  • Sustainable Waste Management (Waste Collection Driver)
  • Sustainable Waste Management Operative (Waste Collection)
  • Sustainable Waste Management Operative (Waste Site Operative)
  • Sustainable Waste Management Operative (Weighbridge Operative)
  • Work-Based Environmental Conservation
  • Work-based Horticulture
  • Work-based Land-based Engineering
  • Work-based Land-based Engineering Operations

ファッションと衣服

  • Apparel Manufacturing Technology
  • Dry Cleaning Operations
  • Footwear and Leather
  • Laundry Operations
  • Manufacturing Sewn Products
  • Manufacturing Textile Products
  • Textile Care Services

理髪と美容

保健とソーシャルケア

  • Adult Care (England)
  • Health and Social Care (Adults)
  • Health and Social Care (Adults) for England
  • Health and Social Care (Children and Young People)
  • Healthcare Support Services
  • Leadership for Health and Social Care and Children and Young People's Services
  • Leadership for Health and Social Care Services (Adults Advanced Practice)
  • Leadership for Health and Social Care Services (Adults Management)
  • Leadership for Health and Social Care Services (Adults Residential Management)
  • Leadership for Health and Social Care Services (Children and Young People's Advanced Practice)
  • Reviewing Health and Safety Procedures in the Workplace
  • Working in End of Life Care

保健・メガネ・薬局

  • Allied Health Profession Support
  • Blood Donor Support
  • Clinical Healthcare Support
  • Emergency Care Assistance
  • Emergency First Aid at Work
  • First Aid at Work
  • Moving and Handling
  • Optical Retail Skills
  • Paediatric Support
  • Pathology Support
  • Perioperative Support
  • Pharmacy Service Skills

ホスピタリティ、旅行、観光

  • Accommodation Services
  • Beverage Service
  • Craft Cuisine
  • Event Management
  • Food and Beverage Service
  • Food Preparation and Cooking
  • Food Production and Cooking
  • Food Service
  • Front of House Reception
  • Hospitality Management
  • Hospitality Retail Outlet Management
  • Hospitality Services
  • Hospitality Supervision and Leadership
  • Housekeeping
  • Kitchen Services
  • Professional Cookery
  • Senior Cabin Crew
  • Temporary Structures for Events
  • Tourism Services
  • Travel Services

IT、通信、デジタル産業

  • Creative and Digital Media
  • Information Security Professional Competence
  • IT User Skills
  • Professional Competence for IT and Telecoms Professionals

言語

  • Arabic
  • Chinese
  • French
  • German
  • Italian
  • Spanish
  • Welsh

メディア

  • Creative and Digital Media

不動産と住宅

  • Housing
  • Property (Sale of Residential Property)

公共サービス

  • Public and Uniformed Services 12 qualifications
  • Advanced Incident Command in Fire and Rescue Services
  • Court Tribunal Administration
  • Custodial Care
  • Emergency Fire Services Control Operations
  • Emergency Fire Services Operations in the Community
  • Emergency Fire Services Watch Management
  • Fire Safety
  • Intermediate Incident Command in Fire and Rescue Services
  • Policing
  • Policing (Police Community Support Officer)
  • Public Services – Operational Delivery (Debt Management)
  • Public Services – Operational Delivery (Uniformed)

求人

  • Recruitment
  • Recruitment Resourcing

小売

  • Gambling Operations
  • Multi-Channel Retailing
  • Retail Skills
  • Retail Skills (Management)
  • Retail Skills (Sales Professional)
  • Retail Skills (Visual Merchandising)
  • Trade Business Services
  • Sales and Marketing 2 qualifications
  • Marketing
  • Sales

サイエンス

  • Laboratory and Associated Technical Activities
  • Laboratory Science

セキュリティ

  • Controlling Parking Areas
  • Providing Security Services

スポーツとレクレーション

  • Achieving Excellence in Sports Performance
  • Active Leisure, Learning and Well-being Operational Services
  • Activity Leadership
  • Instructing Exercise and Fitness
  • Leisure Management
  • Outdoor Programmes
  • Personal Training
  • Spectator Safety
  • Sport and Active Leisure
  • Sport and Play Surfaces
  • Sports Development

教育と訓練

  • Advice and Guidance
  • Assessing Competence in the Work Environment
  • Assessing Vocational Achievement
  • Diploma for the Learning Development and Support Services Workforce
  • External Quality Assurance of Assessment Processes and Practice
  • Facilitating Learning and Development
  • Internal Quality Assurance of Assessment Processes and Practice
  • Leading the External Quality Assurance of Assessment Processes and Practice
  • Leading the Internal Quality Assurance of Assessment Processes and Practice
  • Learning and Development
  • Specialist Support for Teaching and Learning in Schools
  • Support Work in Schools
  • Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools
  • Understanding the External Quality Assurance of Assessment Processes and Practice
  • Understanding the Internal Quality Assurance of Assessment Processes and Practice
  • Understanding the Principles and Practices of Assessment
  • Understanding the Principles and Practices of Learning and Development
  • Youth Work Practice

チーム運営と管理

  • Management
  • Management and Leadership
  • Strategic Management and Leadership
  • Team Leading

運輸と物流

  • Aviation Operations on the Ground
  • Bus and Coach Engineering and Maintenance
  • Cabin Crew
  • Commercial Moving
  • Driving Goods Vehicles
  • Employee Rights and Responsibilities in the Logistics Industry
  • Forklift Truck Operations
  • International Trade and Logistics Operations
  • Logistics Operations
  • Mail Services
  • Operational Support in the Bus and Coach Industry
  • Passenger Carrying Vehicle Driving (Bus and Coach)
  • Passenger Carrying Vehicle Driving Instruction
  • Retail Skills
  • Retail Skills (Management)
  • Retail Skills (Sales Professional)
  • Retail Skills (Visual Merchandising)
  • Road Passenger Vehicle Driving (Community Transport)
  • Road Passenger Vehicle Driving (Taxi and Private Hire)
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Supply Chain Operations
  • Traffic Office
  • Transporting Freight by Road
  • Transporting Goods by Road
  • Warehousing and Storage

労働環境の効率性

  • Contributing to Business Resource Efficiency
  • Controlling Resource Efficiency
  • Developing a Strategy that Aims to Achieve Sustainability
  • Energy Efficiency in the Workplace
  • Enterprising Skills in a Business Environment
  • Managing Resource Efficiency
  • Waste Management in the Workplace
  • Water Efficiency in the Workplace

認定の互換性[編集]

NVQのレベル認定は全国資格フレームワーク(NQF)や資格単位フレームワーク(QCF)において、以下の資格認定レベルとの互換性が定義されている[4][5]

高等教育[編集]

NVQレベル5は、高等国家ディプロマ(HND)および学士レベルと同等とされている。

シティ&ギルド[編集]

シティ&ギルドも職業教育機関のひとつであり、NVQとの同等性は以下である。

  • シティ&ギルド Licentiateship認定(LCGI)は、NVQレベル4下位認定
  • シティ&ギルド Both Graduateship認定(GCGI)とAssociateship認定(ACGI)は、NVQレベル4上位認定
  • シティ&ギルド Membership認定(MCGI)とFellowship認定(FCGI)は、NVQレベル5以上認定

脚注[編集]

Further reading[編集]

  • WOOD, R., JOHNSON. C, Blinkhorn,S. & HALL, J. (1989) Boning, Blanching and Backtracking: Assessing Performance in the Workplace. Research and Development Series 46. Sheffield: Training Agency

関連項目[編集]

外部リンク[編集]