メルフォード・スパイロ

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』
移動先: 案内検索

メルフォード・スパイロ(Melford Elliot Spiro、1920年4月26日 - 2014年10月18日)は、アメリカ合衆国の文化人類学者である。彼は、ウェスターマーク効果に関するキブツの研究で知られている。1950年にペンシルベニア大学で博士号を取得して、のちにハーバード大学カリフォルニア大学サンディエゴ校で人類学の教授を務めた。

主要出版物[編集]

  • Spiro, Melford E.(1956) "Kibbutz:Venture in Utopia." Cambridge:Harvard University Press.
  • Spiro, Melford E.(1958) "Children of the Kibbutz". Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Spiro, Melford E.(1967) "Burmese Supernaturalism:A Study in the Explanation and Resolution of Suffering."Englewood Cliffs,N.J.:Prentice Hall.
  • Spiro, Melford E. (1971) "Buddhism and Society: A Great Tradition and its Burmese Vicissitudes." New York: Harper and Row.
  • Spiro, Melford E. (1977) "Kinship and Marriage in Burma:A Cultural and Psychodynamic Analysis." Los Angeles:University of California Press.
  • Spiro,Melford E. (1979) "Gender and Culture:Kibbutz Women Revisited." Durham,N.C.:Duke University Press.
  • Spiro, Melford E. (1982) "Oedipus in the Trobriands." Chicago:University of Chicago Press.

Spiro, Melford E. (1987) "Culture and Human Nature:Theoretical Papers of Melford E.Spiro." Benjamin Kilborne and L.L. Langness, eds.Chicago:University of Chicago Press.

  • Spiro, Melford E. (1992) "Anthropological Other or Burmese Brother? Studies in Cultural Analysis." New Brunswick (USA): Transaction Publishers.
  • Spiro, Melford E. (1997) "Gender Ideology and Psychological Reality:An Essay on Cultural Reproduction." New Haven:Yale University Press.
  • Spiro, Melford E. (1984) "Some Reflections on Cultural Determinism and Relativism with Special Reference to Emotion and Reason." pp. 323–346 in Culture Theory: essays on mind, self, and emotion, edited by R. A. Shweder and R. A. LeVine. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Spiro, Melford E. (1986) "Cultural Relativism and the Future of Anthropology." Cultural Anthropology: Vol. 1, No. 3, 259-286.
  • Spiro, Melford E. (1987) "Religious systems as culturally constituted defense mechanisms." pp. 145–160 in Culture and human nature: theoretical papers of Melford E. Spiro, edited by B. Kilborne and L. L. Langness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Spiro, Melford E. (1992) "On the strange and familiar in recent anthropological thought." pp. 53–70 in Anthropological Other or Burmese Brother? edited by M. E. Spiro. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Press.
  • Spiro, Melford E. (1993) "Is the Western conception of the self "peculiar" within the context of the world cultures?" Ethos 21:107 - 153.
  • Kilborne, Benjamin, and L.L. Langness, eds. (1987 Culture and human nature: Theoretical papers of Melford E. Spiro. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.