ウォルト・ディズニー・ピクチャーズ

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』
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Walt Disney Pictures
企業形態 ウォルト・ディズニー・スタジオの一部門
業種 映画
設立 1923年 (as Disney Bros. Cartoon Studio)
本部 アメリカ合衆国カリフォルニア州バーバンク市サウス・ブエナ・ビスタ・ストリート500
製品 映画
株主 ウォルト・ディズニー・スタジオ
(ウォルト・ディズニー・カンパニー)
ウェブサイト www.waltdisneystudios.com

ウォルト・ディズニー・ピクチャーズ(Walt Disney Pictures)は、アメリカ合衆国の映画製作会社。ウォルト・ディズニー・スタジオの子会社。同グループにおいて主にアニメーション映画やファミリー向け(主にMPAAレイティングG相当)映画を担当している。

同社が製作し、過去に興行収入10億ドルを突破した映画としてはパイレーツ・オブ・カリビアン/デッドマンズ・チェスト(2006年)、アリス・イン・ワンダーランド(2010年)、トイ・ストーリー3(2010年)、アナと雪の女王 (2013年) がある。ディズニーが同じ年に複数映画の興収10億ドルを突破したのは初めてであった[1]

歴史[編集]

The studio's predecessor (and the modern-day The Walt Disney Company's as a whole) was originally founded as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio, by filmmaker Walt Disney and his business partner and brother, Roy, in 1923.

The creation of Mickey Mouse and subsequent short films and merchandise generated revenue for the studio which was renamed as The Walt Disney Studio at the Hyperion Studio in 1926.[2] In 1929, it was renamed once again to Walt Disney Productions. The studio's streak of success continued in the 1930s, culminating with the 1937 release of the first feature-length animated film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, which became a huge financial success.[3] With the profits from Snow White, Walt relocated to a third studio in Burbank, California.[4]

In the 1940s, Disney began experimenting with full-length live-action films, with the introduction of hybrid live action-animated films such as The Reluctant Dragon (1941) and Song of the South (1946).[5] That same decade, the studio began producing nature documentaries with the release of Seal Island (1948), the first of the True-Life Adventures series and a subsequent Academy Award winner for Best Live-Action Short Film.[6][7]

Walt Disney Productions had its first fully live-action film in 1950 with the release of Treasure Island, considered by Disney to be the official conception for what would eventually evolve into the modern-day Walt Disney Pictures and Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.[8] By 1953, the company ended their agreements with such third-party distributors as RKO Radio Pictures and United Artists and formed their own distribution company, Buena Vista Distribution.[9]

A newly formed unit, Walt Disney Pictures, was incorporated on April 1, 1983 to diversify film subjects and expand audiences for their film releases.[10] In April 1983, Richard Berger was hired by Disney CEO Ron W. Miller as film president. Touchstone Films was started by Miller in February 1984 as a label for their PG-rated films with an expected half of Disney's 6 to 8 movies yearly slate would be released under the label.[11] Berger was pushed out as a new CEO was appointed for Walt Disney Productions later in 1984, as Michael Eisner brought his own film chief, Jeffrey Katzenberg.[12] Touchstone and Hollywood Pictures were formed within that unit on February 16, 1983 and February 1, 1989 respectively.[13]

出典[編集]

  1. ^ Toy Story 3 reaches $1 billion dollars globally; The Pixar Blog”. The Pixar Blog (2010年8月27日). 2010年8月28日閲覧。
  2. ^ Chronology of the Walt Disney Company (1926)”. kpolsson.com. Template:Cite webの呼び出しエラー:引数 accessdate は必須です。
  3. ^ Gabler, Neal (2007). Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination. New York: Random House. pp. 276–277. ISBN 0-679-75747-3. 
  4. ^ Schroeder, Russel (1996). Walt Disney: His Life in Pictures. New York: Disney Press. 
  5. ^ The Walt Disney Company History”. Company Profiles. fundinguniverse.com. 2012年11月6日閲覧。
  6. ^ The Best of Walt Disney's True-Life Adventures (1975)”. New York Times. 2015年3月18日閲覧。
  7. ^ New York Times: Seal Island”. NY Times. 2008年5月18日閲覧。
  8. ^ The Walt Disney Studios”. The Walt Disney Company. 2014年6月4日閲覧。
  9. ^ Fixmer, Fixmer (2007年4月25日). “Disney to Drop Buena Vista Brand Name, People Say (Update1)”. bloomberg.com. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=a0MG17nO.PG8 2012年11月28日閲覧。 
  10. ^ Business Entity Detail: Walt Disney Pictures (search on Entity Number: C1138747)”. California Secretary of State. 2015年3月18日閲覧。
  11. ^ Harmetz, Aljean (1984年2月16日). “Touchstone Label to Replace Disney Name on Some Films”. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1984/02/16/movies/touchstone-label-to-replace-disney-name-on-some-films.html 2015年3月17日閲覧。 
  12. ^ Harmetz, Aljean (1988年12月2日). “COMPANY NEWS; Disney Expansion Set; Film Output to Double”. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/12/02/business/company-news-disney-expansion-set-film-output-to-double.html 2015年3月17日閲覧。 
  13. ^ Kunz, William M. (2007). “2”. Culture Conglomerates: Consolidation in the Motion Picture and Television Industries. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 42, 45. ISBN 9780742540668. http://books.google.com/books?id=OMD4bqQg4iAC&pg=PA49&lpg=PA49&dq=Touchstone+Television&source=bl&ots=2v2KE0kylk&sig=g5UEe1DIOF2wzJD53QLuwbXj0RI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=MpePU8_ILdSUqAa0oYGYAw&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBzg8#v=onepage&q=Touchstone%20Television&f=false 2014年6月4日閲覧。. 

外部リンク[編集]