イネプトクラシー

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イネプトクラシー(英:Ineptocracy)とは、無能者が支配している政体[1]、中でも特に、社会全体の生産性の増加を指導する能力がほとんどまったく欠如しており、既にある富を収奪してばら撒くことで政権を維持する政府や体制を指す[3][4]

語源[編集]

フランス語のinepte (元はラテン語のineptus,“低能、無能、決断力の欠如”) とギリシャ語の-κρατια (-kratia, “権力、支配、政府”)が組み合わさってできた語。

概要[編集]

現実の問題への対処能力が欠如した人物や無能集団が担っている政権を指すが、特に社会を持続可能な形で運営するのではなく、課税などを通じて富を収奪し、また国債などの借金でツケを将来に回して、社会保障制度に代表される、ばら撒きによって支持を得る政府や体制をineptocracyという[5]。ばら撒きによって利益を得る者は、社会全体でなく政権と繋がった一部の集団であることも多い。このような政府に統治された社会は、生産性が皆無になり、政府による富のばら撒きと構成員による消費によって、国内に存在する富の量を減らして行き、最後には構成員による富の消費が出来なくなって機能を停止してしまう。

事例[編集]

関連作品[編集]

  • 26世紀青年 - 原題"Idiocracy"。知的な人々が子作りをためらう一方、考えなしに子どもをつくる人々によって、知性の著しく低い層が人口の大半を占めるようになった26世紀の未来、政府すら愚かで無知な人間だけで占められるようになっていた。人工冬眠の実験でその時代に飛んでしまった平凡な元軍人が、その世界では稀に見る知識人として、問題を解決していく―という空想科学映画。

脚注[編集]

  1. ^ "People like to talk about a neoconservative cabal in the White House," he said, referring to the chief architects of the Iraq War, Vice President Dick Cheney, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, and his deputy, Paul Wolfowitz. "But what you really have is an ineptocracy: these people can't do anything right." Christopher Merrill 『The Tree of the Doves: Ceremony, Expeditions, War』 Milkweed Editions (2011), ISBN 9781571313058, page 46
  2. ^ Grouchy Old Cripple: Ineptocracy October 19, 2011
  3. ^ "Ineptocracy_(in-ep-toc’-ra-cy) - a system of government where the least capable to lead are elected by the least capable of producing, and where the members of society least ikely to sustain themselves or succeed, are rewarded with goods and services paid for by the confiscated wealth of a diminishing number of producers." 元はUrban Dictionaryとされるが、日付からRon Paulの友人から広まったと思われる[2]。いずれにせよ、少なくとも『Skullduggery!: The True Causes of the Financial Crisis』『America...: "Hanging by a Thread."』の二書で引用され、それぞれがineptocracyについて一章割いている。
  4. ^ "ineptocracy is the system of government where the leaset capable of leading a nation, of executing public functions, or of running business enterprises are in charge; and to whom the other member of society are subservient.The system works by the accumulation of public debt which quite likely will be paid through the confiscation of the wealth of the community's common citizen." 『Public Debt Dynamics of Europe and the U.S.』 Section15.2他
  5. ^ 『Public Debt Dynamics of Europe and the U.S.』
  6. ^ Greece avoids 'Drachmageddon' but Europe debt crisis remains - NBC News
  7. ^ 『Public Debt Dynamics of Europe and the U.S.』 Part Two:Destiny in the Land of Homer
  8. ^ "Since at least the early 1980s, the Greek salaried strata have born the double burden of fluctuating inflation and rising unemployment. The inflation rate hovered around the 25 percent mark in 1980 and again in 1985, dropped below 20 percent in 1991 and below 15 percent in 1993, but still remains the highest among the European Union member states. Between 1985 and 1991 real hour earnings of industrial workers (deflated by consumer price indices) increased in every EC country except for Greece, where earnings decreased on average by 1.6 percent per year during the above period. The official rate of unemployment in Greece went up from 4.1 of the labor force in 1981 to 7.0 percent in 1991, but, according to newspaper sources, in 1992 and 1993 this rate was shortly a little below 10 percent" Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos 『THE REMAINS OF AUTHORITARIANISM : BUREAUCRACY AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN POST-AUTHORITARIAN GREECE
  9. ^ それまでもEUの中でギリシャだけが工場労働者所得が上がらず、25%にも至るインフレーションや失業率も10%に達するなどしていた。官民一体の労働組合の強さも指摘される。[8]
  10. ^ "We need a leadership which is selfless and dedicated to serve the people. South Africa does not need leaders who are only interested in their bellies and opulent lifestyles. I am talking about ineptocracy and tenderpreneurship. Tenderpreneurs are people who get very rich by using their political connections and bribes to win the public sector tenders. Helen Zille, in a speech delivered to the Limpopo DA Provincial Congress (09 June 2012), quoted a certain David Hill defining ineptocracy as follows: “Much like inheriting a billion pounds only to die broke, or forfeiting a three goal half-time lead; ineptocracy is one’s failure to succeed from a position of strength”. Zille continued: “A political example of ineptocracy would be South Africa’s ruling party, the ANC who,after 18 years of leading one of the most fertile and resource rich countries in the world, hasn’t developed any sustainable solutions for generating wealth for its people beyond affirmative action, land redistribution and the nationalisation of assets. Many people agree with this tragic assessment. It could, and should, have been so different. The ANC has failed to implement policies that will ensure growth in this resource rich land. All they have been doing is fight over what there is already, and who can get their hands on it first, or snatch it from someone else. That is why the conflict in the ANC keeps getting worse. It is a conflict about power. But it is not about power for power’s sake. It is a conflict about power for money’s sake. The best way to describe the ANC’s economic policy is “Comrade Capitalism”. And “comrade capitalism” combines both “tenderpreneurship” and “ineptocracy”. " 『This Pain is no Laughing Matter』 p.24

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