アンドルー・ラング

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』
ナビゲーションに移動 検索に移動
A・ラング

アンドルー・ラング(Andrew Lang、1844年3月31日 - 1912年7月20日)はイギリスの詩人、小説家、評論家、民俗学者。民話と妖精物語の収集家としても知られる。セント・アンドルーズ大学には彼の名を冠したアンドルー・ラング講座がある。

略伝[編集]

スコットランドのセルカーク(Selkirk)で生まれる。ロレット校(Loretto School)、エディンバラ・アカデミー(Edinburgh Academy)、セント・アンドルーズ大学をへてベリオール・カレッジで教育を受ける。1868年に卒業後、オクスフォードのマートン・カレッジのフェローとなる[1]

詩は主としてフランスのバラードなどの古詩を学び、"Helen of Troy"(1882年)その他の著書がある。民俗学では"Myth, Ritual, and Religion"(1887年)、歴史的研究にはスコットランドに関するものが多い。またギリシア語学者としてテオクリトスの英訳を完成し、他にホメロスの『イリアス』『オデュッセイアー』を英訳し古典に数えられる。小説・童話・随筆をあわせると60余種となり、その趣味は神話・伝説・心霊学にわたり、1911年から心霊現象研究協会の理事を務めている。『ロングマン叢書 Longman's Magazine』の編輯に携わっていたこともあり、多能の学者として世界中に愛読者がいた[注釈 1]

注釈[編集]

[ヘルプ]
  1. ^ 夏目漱石は、ラングの『夢と幽霊の書 A Book of Dreams and Ghosts』を読んだ感想を『思ひ出す事など』に書き記している[2]

著作・編著[編集]

邦訳[編集]

  • ラング世界童話全集(全12巻、東京創元社、1958年-1959年)
    • アンドルー・ラング世界童話集(全12巻、東京創元社、2008年-2009年)
  • フェアニリーの黄金(松永ふみ子 訳、大日本図書、1969年)
  • 書物と愛書家(不破有理 訳、図書出版社、1993年)
  • 書斎(生田耕作 訳、白水社、1996年)
  • ラング世界童話全集(全12巻、偕成社、2008年-2009年)
  • りこうすぎた王子(福本友美子 訳、岩波書店、2010年)
  • 誰でもない王女さま(安岡みゆき 訳、レベル、2010年)
  • 夢と幽霊の書(ないとうふみこ 訳、作品社、2017年)
Blue plaque, ロンドンのケンジントン
The Princess Nobody (1884)より, Richard Doyle画

1884年まで[編集]

  • St Leonards Magazine. 1863. This was a reprint of several articles that appeared in the St Leonards Magazine that Lang edited at St Andrews University. Includes the following Lang contributions: Pages 10–13, Dawgley Manor; A sentimental burlesque; Pages 25–26, Nugae Catulus; Pages 27–30, Popular Philosophies; pages 43–50 are ‘Papers by Eminent Contributors’, seven short parodies of which six are by Lang.
  • The Ballads and Lyrics of Old France (1872)
  • The Odyssey Of Homer Rendered Into English Prose (1879) translator with Samuel Henry Butcher
  • Aristotle's Politics Books I. III. IV. (VII.). The Text of Bekker. With an English translation by W. E. Bolland. Together with short introductory essays by A. Lang To page 106 are Lang's Essays, pp. 107–305 are the translation. Lang's essays without the translated text were later published as The Politics of Aristotle. Introductory Essays. 1886.
  • The Folklore of France (1878)
  • Specimens of a Translation of Theocritus. 1879. This was an advance issue of extracts from Theocritus, Bion and Moschus rendered into English prose
  • XXXII Ballades in Blue China (1880)
  • Oxford. Brief historical & descriptive notes (1880). The 1915 edition of this work was illustrated by painter George Francis Carline.[3]
  • 'Theocritus Bion and Moschus. Rendered into English Prose with an Introductory Essay. 1880.
  • Notes by Mr A. Lang on a collection of pictures by Mr J. E. Millais R.A. exhibited at the Fine Arts Society Rooms. 148 New Bond Street. 1881.
  • The Library (book)|The Library: with a chapter on modern illustrated books. 1881.
  • The Black Thief. A new and original drama (Adapted from the Irish) in four acts. (1882)
  • Helen of Troy, her life and translation. Done into rhyme from the Greek books. 1882.
  • The Most Pleasant and Delectable Tale of the Marriage of Cupid and Psyche (1882) with William Aldington
  • The Iliad of Homer, a prose translation (1883) with Walter Leaf and Ernest Myers
  • Custom and Myth (1884)
  • The Princess Nobody: A Tale of Fairyland (1884)
  • Ballads and Verses Vain (1884) selected by Austin Dobson
  • Rhymes à la Mode (1884)
  • Much Darker Days. By A. Huge Longway. (1884)
  • Household tales; their origin, diffusion, and relations to the higher myths. [1884]. Separate pre-publication issue of the "introduction" to Bohn's edition of Grimm's Household tales.

1885–1889年[編集]

  • That Very Mab (1885) with May Kendall
  • Books and Bookmen (1886)
  • Letters to Dead Authors (1886)
  • In the Wrong Paradise (1886) stories
  • The Mark of Cain (1886) novel
  • Lines on the inaugural meeting of the Shelley Society. Reprinted for private distribution from the Saturday Review of 13 March 1886 and edited by Thomas Wise (1886)
  • La Mythologie Traduit de L'Anglais par Léon Léon Parmentier. Avec une préface par Charles Michel et des Additions de l'auteur. (1886) Never published as a complete book in English, although there was a Polish translation. The first 170 pages is a translation of the article in the 'Encyclopædia Britannica'. The rest is a combination of articles and material from 'Custom and Myth'.
  • Almae matres (1887)
  • He (1887 with Walter Herries Pollock) parody
  • Aucassin et Nicolette (1887)
  • Myth, Ritual, and Religion (2 vols., 1887)
  • Johnny Nut and the Golden Goose. Done into English from the French of Charles Deulin (1887)
  • Grass of Parnassus. Rhymes old and new. (1888)
  • Perrault's Popular Tales (1888)
  • Gold of Fairnilee (1888)
  • Pictures at Play or Dialogues of the Galleries (1888) with W. E. Henley
  • Prince Prigio (1889)
  • The Blue Fairy Book (1889) (illustrations by Henry Justice Ford)
  • Letters on Literature (1889)
  • Lost Leaders (1889)
  • Ode to Golf. Contribution to On the Links; being Golfing Stories by various hands (1889)
  • The Dead Leman and other tales from the French (1889) translator with Paul Sylvester

1890–1899年[編集]

The Arabian Nights Entertainments, Longman Green & co., London 1898
  • The Red Fairy Book (1890)
  • The World's Desire (1890) with H. Rider Haggard
  • Old Friends: Essays in Epistolary Parody (1890)
  • The Strife of Love in a Dream, Being the Elizabethan Version of the First Book of the Hypnerotomachia of Francesco Colonna (1890)
  • The Life, Letters and Diaries of Sir Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh (1890)
  • Etudes traditionnistes (1890)
  • How to Fail in Literature (1890)
  • The Blue Poetry Book (1891)
  • Essays in Little (1891)
  • On Calais Sands (1891)
  • The Green Fairy Book (1892)
  • The Library with a Chapter on Modern English Illustrated Books (1892) with Austin Dobson
  • William Young Sellar (1892)
  • The True Story Book (1893)
  • Homer and the Epic (1893)
  • Prince Ricardo of Pantouflia (1893)
  • Waverley Novels (by Walter Scott), 48 volumes (1893) editor
  • St. Andrews (1893)
  • Montezuma's Daughter (1893) with H. Rider Haggard
  • Kirk's Secret Commonwealth (1893)
  • The Tercentenary of Izaak Walton (1893)
  • The Yellow Fairy Book (1894)
  • Ban and Arrière Ban (1894)
  • Cock Lane and Common-Sense (1894)
  • Memoir of R. F. Murray (1894)
  • The Red True Story Book (1895)
  • My Own Fairy Book (1895)
  • Angling Sketches (1895)
  • A Monk of Fife (1895)
  • The Voices of Jeanne D'Arc (1895)
  • The Animal Story Book (1896)
  • The Poems and Songs of Robert Burns (1896) editor
  • The Life and Letters of John Gibson Lockhart (1896) two volumes
  • Pickle the Spy; or the Incognito of Charles, (1897)
  • The Nursery Rhyme Book (1897)
  • The Miracles of Madame Saint Katherine of Fierbois (1897) translator
  • The Pink Fairy Book (1897)
  • A Book of Dreams and Ghosts (1897)
  • Pickle the Spy (1897)
  • Modern Mythology (1897)
  • The Companions of Pickle (1898)
  • The Arabian Nights Entertainments (1898)
  • The Making of Religion (1898)
  • Selections from Coleridge (1898)
  • Waiting on the Glesca Train (1898)
  • The Red Book of Animal Stories (1899)
  • Parson Kelly (1899) Co-written with A. E. W. Mason
  • The Homeric Hymns (1899) translator
  • The Works of Charles Dickens in Thirty-four Volumes (1899) editor

1900–1909年[編集]

  • The Grey Fairy Book (1900)
  • Prince Charles Edward (1900)
  • Parson Kelly (1900)
  • The Poems and Ballads of Sir Walter Scott, Bart (1900) editor
  • A History of Scotland – From the Roman Occupation (1900–1907) four volumes[4]
  • Notes and Names in Books (1900)
  • Alfred Tennyson (1901)
  • Magic and Religion (1901)
  • Adventures Among Books (1901)
  • The Crimson Fairy Book (1903)
  • The Mystery of Mary Stuart (1901, new and revised ed., 1904)
  • The Book of Romance (1902)
  • The Disentanglers (1902)
  • James VI and the Gowrie Mystery (1902)
  • Notre-Dame of Paris (1902) translator
  • The Young Ruthvens (1902)
  • The Gowrie Conspiracy: the Confessions of Sprott (1902) editor
  • The Violet Fairy Book (1901)
  • Lyrics (1903)
  • Social England Illustrated (1903) editor
  • The Story of the Golden Fleece (1903)
  • The Valet's Tragedy (1903)
  • Social Origins (1903) with Primal Law by James Jasper Atkinson
  • The Snowman and Other Fairy Stories (1903)
  • Stella Fregelius: A Tale of Three Destinies (1903) with H. Rider Haggard
  • The Brown Fairy Book (1904)
  • Historical Mysteries (1904)
  • The Secret of the Totem (1905)
  • New Collected Rhymes (1905)
  • John Knox and the Reformation (1905)
  • The Puzzle of Dickens's Last Plot (1905)
  • The Clyde Mystery. A Study in Forgeries and Folklore (1905)
  • Adventures among Books (1905)
  • Homer and His Age (1906)
  • The Red Romance Book (1906)
  • The Orange Fairy Book (1906)
  • The Portraits and Jewels of Mary Stuart (1906)
  • Life of Sir Walter Scott (1906)
  • The Story of Joan of Arc (1906)
  • New and Old Letters to Dead Authors (1906)
  • Tales of a Fairy Court (1907)
  • The Olive Fairy Book (1907)
  • Poets' Country (1907) editor, with Churton Collins, W. J. Loftie, E. Hartley Coleridge, Michael Macmillan
  • The King over the Water (1907)
  • Tales of Troy and Greece (1907)
  • The Origins of Religion (1908) essays
  • The Book of Princes and Princesses (1908)
  • Origins of Terms of Human Relationships (1908)
  • Select Poems of Jean Ingelow (1908) editor
  • The Maid of France, being the story of the life and death of Jeanne d'Arc (1908)
  • Three Poets of French Bohemia (1908)
  • The Red Book of Heroes (1909)
  • The Marvellous Musician and Other Stories (1909)
  • Sir George Mackenzie King's Advocate, of Rosehaugh, His Life and Times (1909)

1910–1912年[編集]

  • The Lilac Fairy Book (1910)
  • Does Ridicule Kill? (1910)
  • Sir Walter Scott and the Border Minstrelsy (1910)
  • The World of Homer (1910)
  • The All Sorts of Stories Book (1911)
  • Ballades and Rhymes (1911)
  • Method in the Study of Totemism (1911)
  • The Book of Saints and Heroes (1912)
  • Shakespeare, Bacon and the Great Unknown (1912)
  • A History of English Literature (1912)
  • In Praise of Frugality (1912)
  • Ode on a Distant Memory of Jane Eyre (1912)
  • Ode to the Opening Century (1912)

死後[編集]

  • Highways and Byways in The Border (1913) with John Lang
  • The Strange Story Book (1913) with Mrs. Lang
  • The Poetical Works (1923) edited by Mrs. Lang, four volumes
  • Old Friends Among the Fairies: Puss in Boots and Other Stories. Chosen from the Fairy Books (1926)
  • Tartan Tales From Andrew Lang (1928) edited by Bertha L. Gunterman
  • From Omar Khayyam (1935)

フェアリー・ブックス[編集]

  • (1) The Blue Fairy Book (1889)
  • (2) The Red Fairy Book (1890)
  • The Blue Poetry Book (1891)
  • (3) The Green Fairy Book (1892)
  • The True Story Book (1893)
  • (4) The Yellow Fairy Book (1894)
  • The Red True Story Book (1895)
  • The Animal Story Book (1896)
  • (5) The Pink Fairy Book (1897)
  • The Arabian Nights' Entertainments (1898)
  • The Red Book of Animal Stories (1899)
  • (6) The Grey Fairy Book (1900)
  • (7) The Violet Fairy Book (1901)
  • The Book of Romance (1902)
  • (8) The Crimson Fairy Book (1903)
  • (9) The Brown Fairy Book (1904)
  • The Red Romance Book (1905)
  • (10) The Orange Fairy Book (1906)
  • (11) The Olive Fairy Book (1907)
  • The Book of Princes and Princesses (1908)
  • The Red Book of Heroes (1909)
  • (12) The Lilac Fairy Book (1910)
  • The All Sorts of Stories Book (1911)
  • The Book of Saints and Heroes (1912)
  • The Strange Story Book (1913)

脚注[編集]

  1. ^ A・ラング『書斎』白水社、1996年、P.188。
  2. ^ 夏目漱石『漱石全集 第十七巻』岩波書店、1957年、44p。
  3. ^ Waters, Grant M.. Dictionary of British Artists, Working 1900–1950, (Eastbourne Fine Art, Eastbourne, 1975), p. 59
  4. ^ “Review of vol. I of A History of Scotland from the Roman Occupation by Andrew Lang”. The Athenæum (3782): 487–488. (21 April 1900). https://books.google.com/books?id=yWwvAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA487. 

外部リンク[編集]